Ileal mucosa-associated microbiota overgrowth associated with pathogenesis of primary biliary cholangitis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-05

AUTHORS

Shogo Kitahata, Yasunori Yamamoto, Osamu Yoshida, Yoshio Tokumoto, Tomoe Kawamura, Shinya Furukawa, Teru Kumagi, Masashi Hirooka, Eiji Takeshita, Masanori Abe, Yoshiou Ikeda, Yoichi Hiasa

ABSTRACT

The small intestinal mucosa-associated microbiota (MAM) can potentially impact the etiology of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Herein, we investigate the MAM profile to determine its association with liver pathology in patients with PBC. Thirty-four patients with PBC and 21 healthy controls who underwent colonoscopy at our hospital were enrolled in our study. We performed 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing of MAM samples obtained from the mucosa of the terminal ileum and examined the relationship between the abundance of ileal MAM and chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis using liver specimens from patients with PBC. There was a significant reduction in microbial diversity within individuals with PBC (P = 0.039). Dysbiosis of ileal MAM was observed in patients with PBC, with a characteristic overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas. Multivariate analysis showed that the overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas is an independent association factor for PBC (P = 0.0429, P = 0.026). Moreover, the abundance of Sphingomonadaceae was associated with chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis in PBC (P = 0.00981). The overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas in ileal MAM was found in patients with PBC. Sphingomonadaceae may be associated with the pathological development of PBC. More... »

PAGES

19705

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-99314-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-99314-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34611265


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    33 schema:description The small intestinal mucosa-associated microbiota (MAM) can potentially impact the etiology of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Herein, we investigate the MAM profile to determine its association with liver pathology in patients with PBC. Thirty-four patients with PBC and 21 healthy controls who underwent colonoscopy at our hospital were enrolled in our study. We performed 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing of MAM samples obtained from the mucosa of the terminal ileum and examined the relationship between the abundance of ileal MAM and chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis using liver specimens from patients with PBC. There was a significant reduction in microbial diversity within individuals with PBC (P = 0.039). Dysbiosis of ileal MAM was observed in patients with PBC, with a characteristic overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas. Multivariate analysis showed that the overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas is an independent association factor for PBC (P = 0.0429, P = 0.026). Moreover, the abundance of Sphingomonadaceae was associated with chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis in PBC (P = 0.00981). The overgrowth of Sphingomonadaceae and Pseudomonas in ileal MAM was found in patients with PBC. Sphingomonadaceae may be associated with the pathological development of PBC.
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