Prevalence of cancer susceptibility variants in patients with multiple Lynch syndrome related cancers View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-07-20

AUTHORS

Yoon Young Choi, Su-Jin Shin, Jae Eun Lee, Lisa Madlensky, Seung-Tae Lee, Ji Soo Park, Jeong-Hyeon Jo, Hyunki Kim, Daniela Nachmanson, Xiaojun Xu, Sung Hoon Noh, Jae-Ho Cheong, Olivier Harismendy

ABSTRACT

Along with early-onset cancers, multiple primary cancers (MPCs) are likely resulting from increased genetic susceptibility; however, the associated predisposition genes or prevalence of the pathogenic variants genes in MPC patients are often unknown. We screened 71 patients with MPC of the stomach, colorectal, and endometrium, sequencing 65 cancer predisposition genes. A subset of 19 patients with early-onset MPC of stomach and colorectum were further evaluated for variants in cancer related genes using both normal and tumor whole exome sequencing. Among 71 patients with MPCs, variants classified to be pathogenic were observed in 15 (21.1%) patients and affected Lynch Syndrome (LS) genes: MLH1 (n = 10), MSH6 (n = 2), PMS2 (n = 2), and MSH2 (n = 1). All carriers had tumors with high microsatellite instability and 13 of them (86.7%) were early-onset, consistent with LS. In 19 patients with early-onset MPCs, loss of function (LoF) variants in RECQL5 were more prevalent in non-LS MPC than in matched sporadic cancer patients (OR = 31.6, 2.73-1700.6, p = 0.001). Additionally, there were high-confidence LoF variants at FANCG and CASP8 in two patients accompanied by somatic loss of heterozygosity in tumor, respectively. The results suggest that genetic screening should be considered for synchronous cancers and metachronous MPCs of the LS tumor spectrum, particularly in early-onset. Susceptibility variants in non-LS genes for MPC patients may exist, but evidence for their role is more elusive than for LS patients. More... »

PAGES

14807

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Scientific Reports

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    11

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-94292-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94292-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139802782

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34285288


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