The mechanism of increased intestinal palmitic acid absorption and its impact on hepatic stellate cell activation in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-06-28

AUTHORS

Masakazu Hanayama, Yasunori Yamamoto, Hiroki Utsunomiya, Osamu Yoshida, Shuang Liu, Masaki Mogi, Bunzo Matsuura, Eiji Takeshita, Yoshiou Ikeda, Yoichi Hiasa

ABSTRACT

Dietary palmitic acid (PA) promotes liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Herein, we clarified the intestinal absorption kinetics of dietary PA and effect of trans-portal PA on the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) involved in liver fibrosis in NASH. Blood PA levels after meals were significantly increased in patients with NASH compared to those in the control. Expression of genes associated with fat absorption and chylomicron formation, such as CD36 and MTP, was significantly increased in the intestine of NASH model rats compared with that in the controls. Plasma levels of glucagon-like peptide-2, involved in the upregulation of CD36 expression, were elevated in NASH rats compared with those in the controls. Furthermore, portal PA levels after meals in NASH rats were significantly higher than those in control and nonalcoholic fatty liver rats. Moreover, PA injection into the portal vein to the liver in control rats increased the mRNA levels associated with the activation of HSCs. Increased intestinal absorption of diet-derived PA was observed in NASH. Thus, the rapid increase in PA levels via the portal vein to the liver may activate HSCs and affect the development of liver fibrosis in NASH. More... »

PAGES

13380

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-92790-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92790-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139185899

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34183709


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