High plasma concentration of non-esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids is a specific feature of severe COVID-19 pneumonia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-05-24

AUTHORS

Maxime Nguyen, Abderrahmane Bourredjem, Lionel Piroth, Bélaïd Bouhemad, Antoine Jalil, Gaetan Pallot, Naig Le Guern, Charles Thomas, Thomas Pilot, Victoria Bergas, Hélène Choubley, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Pierre-Emmanuel Charles, Laurent Lagrost, Valerie Deckert, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Pierre-Grégoire Guinot, David Masson, Christine Binquet, Thomas Gautier, Mathieu Blot

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pneumonia has specific features and outcomes that suggests a unique immunopathogenesis. Severe forms of COVID-19 appear to be more frequent in obese patients, but an association with metabolic disorders is not established. Here, we focused on lipoprotein metabolism in patients hospitalized for severe pneumonia, depending on COVID-19 status. Thirty-four non-COVID-19 and 27 COVID-19 patients with severe pneumonia were enrolled. Most of them required intensive care. Plasma lipid levels, lipoprotein metabolism, and clinical and biological (including plasma cytokines) features were assessed. Despite similar initial metabolic comorbidities and respiratory severity, COVID-19 patients displayed a lower acute phase response but higher plasmatic concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs). NEFA profiling was characterised by higher level of polyunsaturated NEFAs (mainly linoleic and arachidonic acids) in COVID-19 patients. Multivariable analysis showed that among severe pneumonia, COVID-19-associated pneumonia was associated with higher NEFAs, lower apolipoprotein E and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, independently of body mass index, sequential organ failure (SOFA) score, and C-reactive protein levels. NEFAs and PUFAs concentrations were negatively correlated with the number of ventilator-free days. Among hospitalized patients with severe pneumonia, COVID-19 is independently associated with higher NEFAs (mainly linoleic and arachidonic acids) and lower apolipoprotein E and HDL concentrations. These features might act as mediators in COVID-19 pathogenesis and emerge as new therapeutic targets. Further investigations are required to define the role of NEFAs in the pathogenesis and the dysregulated immune response associated with COVID-19.Trial registration: NCT04435223. More... »

PAGES

10824

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-90362-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-90362-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138293186

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34031519


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