Tailoring grain sizes of the biodegradable iron-based alloys by pre-additive manufacturing microalloying View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-05-05

AUTHORS

Chih-Chieh Huang, Tu-Ngoc Lam, Lia Amalia, Kuan-Hung Chen, Kuo-Yi Yang, M. Rifai Muslih, Sudhanshu Shekhar Singh, Pei-I. Tsai, Yuan-Tzu Lee, Jayant Jain, Soo Yeol Lee, Hong-Jen Lai, Wei-Chin Huang, San-Yuan Chen, E-Wen Huang

ABSTRACT

We demonstrated the design of pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements in tuning the microstructure of iron (Fe)-based alloys for their tunable mechanical properties. We tailored the microalloying stoichiometry of the feedstock to control the grain sizes of the metallic alloy systems. Two specific microalloying stoichiometries were reported, namely biodegradable iron powder with 99.5% purity (BDFe) and that with 98.5% (BDFe-Mo). Compared with the BDFe, the BDFe-Mo powder was found to have lower coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value and better oxidation resistance during consecutive heating and cooling cycles. The selective laser melting (SLM)-built BDFe-Mo exhibited high ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 1200 MPa and fair elongation of 13.5%, while the SLM-built BDFe alloy revealed a much lower UTS of 495 MPa and a relatively better elongation of 17.5%, indicating the strength enhancement compared with the other biodegradable systems. Such an enhanced mechanical behavior in the BDFe-Mo was assigned to the dominant mechanism of ferrite grain refinement coupled with precipitate strengthening. Our findings suggest the tunability of outstanding strength-ductility combination by tailoring the pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements with their proper concentrations. More... »

PAGES

9610

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-89022-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-89022-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33953260


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    18 schema:description We demonstrated the design of pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements in tuning the microstructure of iron (Fe)-based alloys for their tunable mechanical properties. We tailored the microalloying stoichiometry of the feedstock to control the grain sizes of the metallic alloy systems. Two specific microalloying stoichiometries were reported, namely biodegradable iron powder with 99.5% purity (BDFe) and that with 98.5% (BDFe-Mo). Compared with the BDFe, the BDFe-Mo powder was found to have lower coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value and better oxidation resistance during consecutive heating and cooling cycles. The selective laser melting (SLM)-built BDFe-Mo exhibited high ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 1200 MPa and fair elongation of 13.5%, while the SLM-built BDFe alloy revealed a much lower UTS of 495 MPa and a relatively better elongation of 17.5%, indicating the strength enhancement compared with the other biodegradable systems. Such an enhanced mechanical behavior in the BDFe-Mo was assigned to the dominant mechanism of ferrite grain refinement coupled with precipitate strengthening. Our findings suggest the tunability of outstanding strength-ductility combination by tailoring the pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements with their proper concentrations.
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    29 MPa
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    31 alloy
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    33 behavior
    34 biodegradable iron powder
    35 biodegradable iron-based alloys
    36 biodegradable systems
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    39 concentration
    40 consecutive heating
    41 cooling cycles
    42 cycle
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    48 enhancement
    49 expansion values
    50 fair elongation
    51 feedstock
    52 ferrite grain refinement
    53 findings
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    55 good oxidation resistance
    56 grain refinement
    57 grain size
    58 heating
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    60 iron
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    62 iron-based alloys
    63 laser melting
    64 low coefficient
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    66 manufacturing
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    68 mechanical behavior
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    74 microalloying stoichiometry
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    78 oxidation resistance
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