Vitamin D and lumisterol derivatives can act on liver X receptors (LXRs) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-13

AUTHORS

Andrzej T. Slominski, Tae-Kang Kim, Shariq Qayyum, Yuwei Song, Zorica Janjetovic, Allen S. W. Oak, Radomir M. Slominski, Chander Raman, Joanna Stefan, Carlos A. Mier-Aguilar, Venkatram Atigadda, David K. Crossman, Andriy Golub, Yaroslav Bilokin, Edith K. Y. Tang, Jake Y. Chen, Robert C. Tuckey, Anton M. Jetten, Yuhua Song

ABSTRACT

The interactions of derivatives of lumisterol (L3) and vitamin D3 (D3) with liver X receptors (LXRs) were investigated. Molecular docking using crystal structures of the ligand binding domains (LBDs) of LXRα and β revealed high docking scores for L3 and D3 hydroxymetabolites, similar to those of the natural ligands, predicting good binding to the receptor. RNA sequencing of murine dermal fibroblasts stimulated with D3-hydroxyderivatives revealed LXR as the second nuclear receptor pathway for several D3-hydroxyderivatives, including 1,25(OH)2D3. This was validated by their induction of genes downstream of LXR. L3 and D3-derivatives activated an LXR-response element (LXRE)-driven reporter in CHO cells and human keratinocytes, and by enhanced expression of LXR target genes. L3 and D3 derivatives showed high affinity binding to the LBD of the LXRα and β in LanthaScreen TR-FRET LXRα and β coactivator assays. The majority of metabolites functioned as LXRα/β agonists; however, 1,20,25(OH)3D3, 1,25(OH)2D3, 1,20(OH)2D3 and 25(OH)D3 acted as inverse agonists of LXRα, but as agonists of LXRβ. Molecular dynamics simulations for the selected compounds, including 1,25(OH)2D3, 1,20(OH)2D3, 25(OH)D3, 20(OH)D3, 20(OH)L3 and 20,22(OH)2L3, showed different but overlapping interactions with LXRs. Identification of D3 and L3 derivatives as ligands for LXRs suggests a new mechanism of action for these compounds. More... »

PAGES

8002

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Scientific Reports

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    11

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-87061-w

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87061-w

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137166754

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33850196


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