Physico-chemical properties and toxicological effects on plant and algal models of carbon nanosheets from a nettle fibre clone View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-03-25

AUTHORS

Syed Shaheen Shah, Mohammed Ameen Ahmed Qasem, Roberto Berni, Cecilia Del Casino, Giampiero Cai, Servane Contal, Irshad Ahmad, Khawar Sohail Siddiqui, Edoardo Gatti, Stefano Predieri, Jean-Francois Hausman, Sébastien Cambier, Gea Guerriero, Md.Abdul Aziz

ABSTRACT

Carbon nanosheets are two-dimensional nanostructured materials that have applications as energy storage devices, electrochemical sensors, sample supports, filtration membranes, thanks to their high porosity and surface area. Here, for the first time, carbon nanosheets have been prepared from the stems and leaves of a nettle fibre clone, by using a cheap and straight-forward procedure that can be easily scaled up. The nanomaterial shows interesting physical parameters, namely interconnectivity of pores, graphitization, surface area and pore width. These characteristics are similar to those described for the nanomaterials obtained from other fibre crops. However, the advantage of nettle over other plants is its fast growth and easy propagation of homogeneous material using stem cuttings. This last aspect guarantees homogeneity of the starting raw material, a feature that is sought-after to get a nanomaterial with homogeneous and reproducible properties. To evaluate the potential toxic effects if released in the environment, an assessment of the impact on plant reproduction performance and microalgal growth has been carried out by using tobacco pollen cells and the green microalga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. No inhibitory effects on pollen germination are recorded, while algal growth inhibition is observed at higher concentrations of leaf carbon nanosheets with lower graphitization degree. More... »

PAGES

6945

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-86426-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-86426-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136649300

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33767326


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23 schema:description Carbon nanosheets are two-dimensional nanostructured materials that have applications as energy storage devices, electrochemical sensors, sample supports, filtration membranes, thanks to their high porosity and surface area. Here, for the first time, carbon nanosheets have been prepared from the stems and leaves of a nettle fibre clone, by using a cheap and straight-forward procedure that can be easily scaled up. The nanomaterial shows interesting physical parameters, namely interconnectivity of pores, graphitization, surface area and pore width. These characteristics are similar to those described for the nanomaterials obtained from other fibre crops. However, the advantage of nettle over other plants is its fast growth and easy propagation of homogeneous material using stem cuttings. This last aspect guarantees homogeneity of the starting raw material, a feature that is sought-after to get a nanomaterial with homogeneous and reproducible properties. To evaluate the potential toxic effects if released in the environment, an assessment of the impact on plant reproduction performance and microalgal growth has been carried out by using tobacco pollen cells and the green microalga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. No inhibitory effects on pollen germination are recorded, while algal growth inhibition is observed at higher concentrations of leaf carbon nanosheets with lower graphitization degree.
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30 schema:keywords Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata
31 Two‐Dimensional Nanostructured Materials
32 advantages
33 algal growth inhibition
34 algal model
35 applications
36 area
37 aspects
38 assessment
39 carbon nanosheets
40 cells
41 characteristics
42 clones
43 concentration
44 crops
45 cutting
46 degree
47 devices
48 easy propagation
49 effect
50 electrochemical sensor
51 energy storage devices
52 environment
53 fast growth
54 features
55 fiber crop
56 filtration membranes
57 first time
58 germination
59 graphitization
60 graphitization degree
61 growth
62 growth inhibition
63 high concentrations
64 high porosity
65 homogeneity
66 homogeneous material
67 impact
68 inhibition
69 inhibitory effect
70 interconnectivity
71 interconnectivity of pores
72 interesting physical parameters
73 last aspect
74 leaves
75 low graphitization degree
76 materials
77 membrane
78 microalga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata
79 microalgal growth
80 model
81 nanomaterials
82 nanosheets
83 nanostructured materials
84 nettle
85 parameters
86 performance
87 physical parameters
88 physico-chemical properties
89 plants
90 pollen cells
91 pollen germination
92 pore width
93 pores
94 porosity
95 potential toxic effects
96 procedure
97 propagation
98 properties
99 raw materials
100 reproducible properties
101 reproduction performance
102 sample support
103 sensors
104 stem
105 stem cuttings
106 storage devices
107 straight forward procedure
108 subcapitata
109 support
110 surface area
111 thanks
112 time
113 toxic effects
114 toxicological effects
115 width
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