The impact of FGF19/FGFR4 signaling inhibition in antitumor activity of multi-kinase inhibitors in hepatocellular carcinoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-03-05

AUTHORS

Hiroaki Kanzaki, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Junjie Ao, Keisuke Koroki, Kengo Kanayama, Susumu Maruta, Takahiro Maeda, Yuko Kusakabe, Kazufumi Kobayashi, Naoya Kanogawa, Soichiro Kiyono, Masato Nakamura, Takayuki Kondo, Tomoko Saito, Ryo Nakagawa, Sadahisa Ogasawara, Eiichiro Suzuki, Yoshihiko Ooka, Ryosuke Muroyama, Shingo Nakamoto, Shin Yasui, Akinobu Tawada, Makoto Arai, Tatsuo Kanda, Hitoshi Maruyama, Naoya Mimura, Jun Kato, Yoh Zen, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Atsushi Iwama, Naoya Kato

ABSTRACT

FGF19/FGFR4 autocrine signaling is one of the main targets for multi-kinase inhibitors (MKIs). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying FGF19/FGFR4 signaling in the antitumor effects to MKIs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In this study, the impact of FGFR4/ERK signaling inhibition on HCC following MKI treatment was analyzed in vitro and in vivo assays. Serum FGF19 in HCC patients treated using MKIs, such as sorafenib (n = 173) and lenvatinib (n = 40), was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Lenvatinib strongly inhibited the phosphorylation of FRS2 and ERK, the downstream signaling molecules of FGFR4, compared with sorafenib and regorafenib. Additional use of a selective FGFR4 inhibitor with sorafenib further suppressed FGFR4/ERK signaling and synergistically inhibited HCC cell growth in culture and xenograft subcutaneous tumors. Although serum FGF19high (n = 68) patients treated using sorafenib exhibited a significantly shorter progression-free survival and overall survival than FGF19low (n = 105) patients, there were no significant differences between FGF19high (n = 21) and FGF19low (n = 19) patients treated using lenvatinib. In conclusion, robust inhibition of FGF19/FGFR4 is of importance for the exertion of antitumor effects of MKIs. Serum FGF19 levels may function as a predictive marker for drug response and survival in HCC patients treated using sorafenib. More... »

PAGES

5303

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Scientific Reports

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    11

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-021-84117-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84117-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1135996231

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33674622


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