New AMS 14C dates track the arrival and spread of broomcorn millet cultivation and agricultural change in prehistoric Europe View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-08-13

AUTHORS

Dragana Filipović, John Meadows, Marta Dal Corso, Wiebke Kirleis, Almuth Alsleben, Örni Akeret, Felix Bittmann, Giovanna Bosi, Beatrice Ciută, Dagmar Dreslerová, Henrike Effenberger, Ferenc Gyulai, Andreas G. Heiss, Monika Hellmund, Susanne Jahns, Thorsten Jakobitsch, Magda Kapcia, Stefanie Klooß, Marianne Kohler-Schneider, Helmut Kroll, Przemysław Makarowicz, Elena Marinova, Tanja Märkle, Aleksandar Medović, Anna Maria Mercuri, Aldona Mueller-Bieniek, Renato Nisbet, Galina Pashkevich, Renata Perego, Petr Pokorný, Łukasz Pospieszny, Marcin Przybyła, Kelly Reed, Joanna Rennwanz, Hans-Peter Stika, Astrid Stobbe, Tjaša Tolar, Krystyna Wasylikowa, Julian Wiethold, Tanja Zerl

ABSTRACT

Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is not one of the founder crops domesticated in Southwest Asia in the early Holocene, but was domesticated in northeast China by 6000 bc. In Europe, millet was reported in Early Neolithic contexts formed by 6000 bc, but recent radiocarbon dating of a dozen 'early' grains cast doubt on these claims. Archaeobotanical evidence reveals that millet was common in Europe from the 2nd millennium bc, when major societal and economic transformations took place in the Bronze Age. We conducted an extensive programme of AMS-dating of charred broomcorn millet grains from 75 prehistoric sites in Europe. Our Bayesian model reveals that millet cultivation began in Europe at the earliest during the sixteenth century bc, and spread rapidly during the fifteenth/fourteenth centuries bc. Broomcorn millet succeeds in exceptionally wide range of growing conditions and completes its lifecycle in less than three summer months. Offering an additional harvest and thus surplus food/fodder, it likely was a transformative innovation in European prehistoric agriculture previously based mainly on (winter) cropping of wheat and barley. We provide a new, high-resolution chronological framework for this key agricultural development that likely contributed to far-reaching changes in lifestyle in late 2nd millennium bc Europe. More... »

PAGES

13698

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Scientific Reports

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    10

    Author Affiliations

  • Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University, Johanna-Mestorf-Str. 2-6, 24118, Kiel, Germany
  • Leibniz-Laboratory for AMS Dating and Stable Isotope Research, Kiel University, Max-Eyth-Str. 11-13, 24118, Kiel, Germany
  • Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 2, 55131, Mainz, Germany
  • Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie IPNA, Basel University, Spalenring 145, 4055, Basel, Switzerland
  • Lower Saxony Institute for Historical Coastal Research, Viktoriastraße 26/28, 26382, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
  • Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Giuseppe Campi 287, 41125, Modena, Italy
  • Facultatea de Istorie şi Filologie, Universitatea “1 Decembrie 1918” Alba Iulia, Strada Unirii 15-17, 510009, Alba Iulia, Romania
  • Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Letenská 4, 118 01, Praha 1, Czech Republic
  • Effenberger Archäobotanik, 21423, Drage, Germany
  • Department of Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Szent István University, Páter Károly utca 1, 2103, Gödöllő, Hungary
  • Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI), Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Franz Klein-Gasse 1, 1190, Vienna, Austria
  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt—Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Richard-Wagner-Str. 9, 06114, Halle (Saale), Germany
  • Brandenburgisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologisches Landesmuseum Ortsteil Wünsdorf, Wünsdorfer Platz 4-5, 15806, Zossen, Germany
  • Władysław Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512, Kraków, Poland
  • Archäologisches Landesamt Schleswig-Holstein, Brockdorff-Rantzau-Straße 70, 24837, Schleswig, Germany
  • Department für Integrative Biologie, Universität für Bodenkultur, Gregor-Mendel-Straße 33, 1180, Vienna, Austria
  • Independent Researcher, Projensdorfer Str. 195, 24106, Kiel, Germany
  • Faculty of Archaeology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 7, 61-614, Poznań, Poland
  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege am Regierungspräsidium Stuttgart, Fischersteig 9, 78343, Gaienhofen-Hemmenhofen, Germany
  • Museum of Vojvodina, Dunavska 35-37, 21101, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Dipartimento di Studi sull’Asia e sull’Africa Mediterranea, Università Ca’ Foscari, Dorsoduro 3462, 30123, Venezia, Italy
  • National Museum of Natural Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences in Ukraine, Bul. Bohdan Khmelnitsky 15, 01030, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Laboratory of Palynology and Palaeoecology CNR IGAG, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126, Milan, Italy
  • Centre for Theoretical Study, Charles University Prague and Czech Academy of Sciences, Jilská 1, 110 00, Prague 1, Czech Republic
  • Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rubież 46, 61-612, Poznań, Poland
  • Institute of Archaeology, Jagiellonian University, Ul. Gołębia 11, 31-007, Kraków, Poland
  • Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, 34 Broad Street, OX1 3BD, Oxford, UK
  • Department of Molecular Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstraße 30, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany
  • Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Norbert-Wollheim-Platz 1, 60629, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • ZRC SAZU, Institute of Archaeology, Novi trg 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • UMR 6298, ArTeHiS Dijon, Dijon, France
  • Institute for Pre- and Protohistory, University of Köln, Weyertal 125, 50923, Köln, Germany
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-020-70495-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70495-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1130072528

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32792561


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