Winter-spring temperature pattern is closely related to the onset of cambial reactivation in stems of the evergreen conifer Chamaecyparis pisifera View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-08-31

AUTHORS

Md Hasnat Rahman, Kayo Kudo, Yusuke Yamagishi, Yusuke Nakamura, Satoshi Nakaba, Shahanara Begum, Widyanto Dwi Nugroho, Izumi Arakawa, Peter Kitin, Ryo Funada

ABSTRACT

Temperature is an important factor for the cambial growth in temperate trees. We investigated the way daily temperatures patterns (maximum, average and minimum) from late winter to early spring affected the timing of cambial reactivation and xylem differentiation in stems of the conifer Chamaecyparis pisifera. When the daily temperatures started to increase earlier from late winter to early spring, cambial reactivation occurred earlier. Cambium became active when it achieves the desired accumulated temperature above the threshold (cambial reactivation index; CRI) of 13 °C in 11 days in 2013 whereas 18 days in 2014. This difference in duration required for achieving accumulated temperature can be explained with the variations in the daily temperature patterns in 2013 and 2014. Our formula for calculation of CRI predicted the cambial reactivation in 2015. A hypothetical increase of 1–4 °C to the actual daily maximum temperatures of 2013 and 2014 shifted the timing of cambial reactivation and had different effects on cambial reactivation in the two consecutive years because of variations in the actual daily temperatures patterns. Thus, the specific annual pattern of accumulation of temperature from late winter to early spring is a critical factor in determining the timing of cambial reactivation in trees. More... »

PAGES

14341

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-020-70356-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70356-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32868796


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