Tuning interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in thin amorphous ferrimagnetic alloys View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-05-04

AUTHORS

Y. Quessab, J-W. Xu, C. T. Ma, W. Zhou, G. A. Riley, J. M. Shaw, H. T. Nembach, S. J. Poon, A. D. Kent

ABSTRACT

Skyrmions can be stabilized in magnetic systems with broken inversion symmetry and chiral interactions, such as Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions (DMI). Further, compensation of magnetic moments in ferrimagnetic materials can significantly reduce magnetic dipolar interactions, which tend to favor large skyrmions. Tuning DMI is essential to control skyrmion properties, with symmetry breaking at interfaces offering the greatest flexibility. However, in contrast to the ferromagnet case, few studies have investigated interfacial DMI in ferrimagnets. Here we present a systematic study of DMI in ferrimagnetic CoGd films by Brillouin light scattering. We demonstrate the ability to control DMI by the CoGd cap layer composition, the stack symmetry and the ferrimagnetic layer thickness. The DMI thickness dependence confirms its interfacial nature. In addition, magnetic force microscopy reveals the ability to tune DMI in a range that stabilizes sub-100 nm skyrmions at room temperature in zero field. Our work opens new paths for controlling interfacial DMI in ferrimagnets to nucleate and manipulate skyrmions. More... »

PAGES

7447

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2016-02-29. Observation of room-temperature magnetic skyrmions and their current-driven dynamics in ultrathin metallic ferromagnets in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2018-03-06. Current-driven dynamics and inhibition of the skyrmion Hall effect of ferrimagnetic skyrmions in GdFeCo films in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2019-05-27. Bulk Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in amorphous ferrimagnetic alloys in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2017-06-08. Current-induced skyrmion generation and dynamics in symmetric bilayers in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2017-05-24. Spin-orbit torque-driven skyrmion dynamics revealed by time-resolved X-ray microscopy in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2018-03-13. Theory of isolated magnetic skyrmions: From fundamentals to room temperature applications in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2013-06-16. Chiral spin torque at magnetic domain walls in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2015-03-24. Magnetic skyrmion logic gates: conversion, duplication and merging of skyrmions in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2016-01-18. Additive interfacial chiral interaction in multilayers for stabilization of small individual skyrmions at room temperature in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2018-07-04. A theory on skyrmion size in COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICS
  • 2016-01-25. Room-temperature chiral magnetic skyrmions in ultrathin magnetic nanostructures in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-03-05. Skyrmions on the track in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2019-07-10. Robust Formation of Ultrasmall Room-Temperature Neél Skyrmions in Amorphous Ferrimagnets from Atomistic Simulations in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2015-08-03. Linear relation between Heisenberg exchange and interfacial Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in metal films in NATURE PHYSICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-020-64427-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64427-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127346648

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32366864


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