Winter weather controls net influx of atmospheric CO2 on the north-west European shelf View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12-27

AUTHORS

Vassilis Kitidis, Jamie D. Shutler, Ian Ashton, Mark Warren, Ian Brown, Helen Findlay, Sue E. Hartman, Richard Sanders, Matthew Humphreys, Caroline Kivimäe, Naomi Greenwood, Tom Hull, David Pearce, Triona McGrath, Brian M. Stewart, Pamela Walsham, Evin McGovern, Yann Bozec, Jean-Philippe Gac, Steven M. A. C. van Heuven, Mario Hoppema, Ute Schuster, Truls Johannessen, Abdirahman Omar, Siv K. Lauvset, Ingunn Skjelvan, Are Olsen, Tobias Steinhoff, Arne Körtzinger, Meike Becker, Nathalie Lefevre, Denis Diverrès, Thanos Gkritzalis, André Cattrijsse, Wilhelm Petersen, Yoana G. Voynova, Bertrand Chapron, Antoine Grouazel, Peter E. Land, Jonathan Sharples, Philip D. Nightingale

ABSTRACT

Shelf seas play an important role in the global carbon cycle, absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and exporting carbon (C) to the open ocean and sediments. The magnitude of these processes is poorly constrained, because observations are typically interpolated over multiple years. Here, we used 298500 observations of CO2 fugacity (fCO2) from a single year (2015), to estimate the net influx of atmospheric CO2 as 26.2 ± 4.7 Tg C yr−1 over the open NW European shelf. CO2 influx from the atmosphere was dominated by influx during winter as a consequence of high winds, despite a smaller, thermally-driven, air-sea fCO2 gradient compared to the larger, biologically-driven summer gradient. In order to understand this climate regulation service, we constructed a carbon-budget supplemented by data from the literature, where the NW European shelf is treated as a box with carbon entering and leaving the box. This budget showed that net C-burial was a small sink of 1.3 ± 3.1 Tg C yr−1, while CO2 efflux from estuaries to the atmosphere, removed the majority of river C-inputs. In contrast, the input from the Baltic Sea likely contributes to net export via the continental shelf pump and advection (34.4 ± 6.0 Tg C yr−1). More... »

PAGES

20153

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Author Affiliations

  • Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK
  • University of Exeter, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Exeter, UK
  • National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK
  • School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK
  • National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
  • Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, UK
  • Marine Scotland Science (MSS), Aberdeen, UK
  • The Marine Institute, Galway, Ireland
  • Station Biologique de Roscoff, UMR CNRS - UPMC 7144 - Equipe Chimie Marine, Roscoff, France
  • University of Groningen, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Groningen, Netherlands
  • Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Center for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway
  • NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Bjerknes Center for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway
  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  • Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06)-IRD-CNRS-MNHN, LOCEAN, Paris, France
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), centre de Bretagne, Plouzané, France
  • VLIZ Flanders Marine Institute, Ostend, Belgium
  • Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
  • Institut Francais Recherche Pour ĹExploitation de la Mer, Pointe du Diable, 29280, Plouzané, France
  • University of Liverpool, School of Environmental Sciences, Liverpool, UK
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-56363-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56363-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123685423

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31882779


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