Environmental sustainability assessment of tropical dairy buffalo farming vis-a-vis sustainable feed replacement strategy View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-11-14

AUTHORS

P. Ravi Kanth Reddy, D. Srinivasa Kumar, E. Raghava Rao, Ch. Venkata Seshiah, K. Sateesh, K. Ananda Rao, Y. Pradeep Kumar Reddy, Iqbal Hyder

ABSTRACT

Feeding management in dairy animals is crucial for ensuring optimal production apart from making the farming as a whole, a more sustainable activity. In our study we evaluated the production and environmental effects of two different feeding regimens i.e., one dominated by traditional cottonseed meal (CSM) and other with coated urea (slow release urea - SRU) as a replacement for CSM on dairy buffalo production. The SRU at 2% level was evaluated by conducting two different trials using twelve lactating Murrah buffaloes and four adult Murrah buffalo bulls. Neither diet nor dry period management showed any substantial effect on milk components, intakes, nutrients’ digestibility coefficients, and nutritive values. The SRU diet revealed increased (P < 0.01) rumen pH, ammonia nitrogen, volatile fatty acids, and microbial nitrogen yield, which were interacted with time of post-prandial sampling. The dynamics of nitrogen metabolism revealed unaltered N-based parameters, except for degradable-N intake and serum urea-N at 3 hr post-feeding. The CSM replacements did not influence (P > 0.05) the residual feed intake, but led to an enhanced milk retention efficiency of nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus contents, thus reducing their impact on soil pollution and eutrophication of water bodies. Despite an unaltered (P > 0.05) enteric methane emission, SRU diets achieved in decreasing manure methane and nitrous oxide emission. Furthermore, the virtual water flow and lifecycle assessment revealed a water sparing effect and low carbon foot print per unit milk production. In summary, the CSM replacements with SRU could achieve an economical and eco-friendly production system from animal nutrition perspective. More... »

PAGES

16745

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-11-30. Prediction of enteric methane emission from cattle using linear and non-linear statistical models in tropical production systems in MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE
  • 2012-02-22. Regional carbon footprint analysis of dairy feeds for milk production in the USA in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
  • 2013-10-31. Residual feed intake: a nutritional tool for genetic improvement in TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-53378-w

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53378-w

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122546725

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31728009


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