Gamma tACS over the temporal lobe increases the occurrence of Eureka! moments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-04-08

AUTHORS

Emiliano Santarnecchi, Giulia Sprugnoli, Emanuela Bricolo, Giulio Costantini, Sook-Lei Liew, Christian S. Musaeus, Carola Salvi, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Alessandro Rossi, Simone Rossi

ABSTRACT

The solution to a problem might manifest itself as a burst of unexpected, unpredictable clarity. Such Eureka! events, or Insight moments, are among the most fascinating mysteries of human cognition, whose neurophysiological substrate seems to include a role for oscillatory activity within the α and γ bands in the right parietal and temporal brain regions. We tested this hypothesis on thirty-one healthy participants using transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) to externally amplify α (10 Hz) and γ (40 Hz) activity in the right parietal and temporal lobes, respectively. During γ-tACS over the right temporal lobe, we observed an increase in accuracy on a verbal insight task. Furthermore, electroencephalography (EEG) data revealed an increase in γ spectral power over bilateral temporal lobes after stimulation. Additionally, resting-state functional MRI data acquired before the stimulation session suggested a correlation between behavioral response to right temporal lobe tACS and functional connectivity of bilateral temporal lobes, in line with the bilateral increase in γ band revealed by EEG. Overall, results suggest the possibility of enhancing the probability of generating Eureka! moments in humans by means of frequency-specific noninvasive brain stimulation. More... »

PAGES

5778

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42192-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42192-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113300687

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962465


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