Lipid normalization and stable isotope discrimination in Pacific walrus tissues. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Casey T Clark, Lara Horstmann, Nicole Misarti

ABSTRACT

Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values (δ13C and δ15N) of animal tissues can provide important information about diet, physiology, and movements. Interpretation of δ13C and δ15N values, however, is influenced by factors such as sample lipid content, tissue-specific isotope discrimination, and tissue turnover rates, which are typically species- and tissue-specific. In this study, we generated lipid normalization models for δ13C and investigated the effects of chemical lipid extractions on δ13C and δ15N in Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) muscle, liver, and skin. We also evaluated tissue-specific isotope discrimination in walrus muscle, liver, skin, and bone collagen. Mean δ13Clipid-free of skin and bone collagen were similar, as were mean δ15N of muscle and liver. All other tissues differed significantly for both isotopes. Differences in δ13Clipid-free and δ15N among tissues agreed with published estimates of marine mammal tissue-specific isotope discrimination factors, with the exception of skin. The results of this work will allow researchers to gain a clearer understanding of walrus diet and the structure of Arctic food webs, while also making it possible to directly compare the results of contemporary walrus isotope research with those of historic and paleoecological studies. More... »

PAGES

5843

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006. ISOTOPES IN BONES AND TEETH in ISOTOPES IN PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • 2007-01. Feeding ecology of phocid seals and some walrus in the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic as determined by stomach contents and stable isotope analysis in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 1979-09. Food-Web structure and the fractionation of Carbon isotopes in the bering sea in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1983-03. Fractionation and turnover of stable carbon isotopes in animal tissues: Implications for δ13C analysis of diet in OECOLOGIA
  • 2014-03. Fatty acid and stable isotope characteristics of sea ice and pelagic particulate organic matter in the Bering Sea: tools for estimating sea ice algal contribution to Arctic food web production in OECOLOGIA
  • 2017-06. Lipid effects on isotopic values in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and their prey with implications for diet assessment in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2006. Stable Isotope Ecology in NONE
  • 1984-03. Seal eating by walruses in the Bering and Chukchi Seas in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 1999-08. Tracing origins and migration of wildlife using stable isotopes: a review in OECOLOGIA
  • 2016-03. Estimating stable carbon isotope values of microphytobenthos in the Arctic for application to food web studies in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 1985-07. Epidermal Growth in the Bottlenose Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus in JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY
  • 2015-02. Effects of lipid extraction and the utility of lipid normalization models on δ13C and δ15N values in Arctic marine mammal tissues in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 2014-07. Proportion of higher trophic-level prey in the diet of Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113355937

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30971722


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alaska Fairbanks", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Water and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1764 Tanana Loop, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-5860, USA. ctclark@alaska.edu.", 
                "College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2150 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-7220, USA. ctclark@alaska.edu."
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Clark", 
            "givenName": "Casey T", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alaska Fairbanks", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b", 
              "name": [
                "College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2150 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-7220, USA."
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Horstmann", 
            "givenName": "Lara", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alaska Fairbanks", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Water and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1764 Tanana Loop, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-5860, USA."
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Misarti", 
            "givenName": "Nicole", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001268865", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2504-1_03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001683399", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2504-1_03"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90204-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003091938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90204-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003091938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2008.06.027", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003585964"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/09-2409.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004703178"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[1271:siiaea]2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005204644"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.03.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005453759"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.03.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005453759"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2454", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008221323"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2454", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008221323"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.093963", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013391429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013957900", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013957900", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2015.11.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014928479"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.08.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016721212"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.1997.tb00661.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017051988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050865", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017960041", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/z06-187", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017990055"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0633.2004.00056.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018594742"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01224.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019012146"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/0-387-33745-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019368444", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-33745-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/0-387-33745-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019368444", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-33745-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20535", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020484863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/1523-1747.ep12275348", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021045495", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1111/1523-1747.ep12275348"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00265562", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021208599", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00265562"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00265562", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021208599", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00265562"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.1051070304", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022881195"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023438952", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023438952", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023438952", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.1995.1090", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024700502"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01394.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025223616"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6556", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026157446"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00047.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029671930"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00316.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031242981"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00316.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031242981"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/z08-042", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031670982"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/z01-229", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032184909"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144726", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032767286"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu106", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033479976"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00379558", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034170216", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00379558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00379558", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034170216", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00379558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2014.908872", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035207684"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.09.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035811513"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(91)90066-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036029945"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116182", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037996786"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116182", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037996786"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/z05-083", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038342580"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2003.48.1.0277", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040165867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6394", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041479590"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00033.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044814296"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00033.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044814296"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7239", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046178089"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.18.110187.001453", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046908415"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01620.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047032613"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90199-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048656827"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90199-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048656827"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(81)90244-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049162500"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(81)90244-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049162500"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.200810425", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050800839"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00345.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051383931"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00345.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051383931"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053019802", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053019802", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00469.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053073588"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053228749", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053228749", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00952434", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053500347", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00952434"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121365", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062453294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.327543", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062603615"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609345075", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063898218"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609345075", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063898218"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v066.i05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068672992"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v067.i01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068673008"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1368808", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069453664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1368808", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069453664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1368808", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069453664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1369361", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069454213"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1369361", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069454213"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1369361", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069454213"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1468438", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1360", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070886668"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1962.214935x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070893103"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09706", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071170203"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/meps236289", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071176445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085138427", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085138427", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177880", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085729295"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.09.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091829703"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8168", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104109821"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
        "description": "Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values (\u03b413C and \u03b415N) of animal tissues can provide important information about diet, physiology, and movements. Interpretation of \u03b413C and \u03b415N values, however, is influenced by factors such as sample lipid content, tissue-specific isotope discrimination, and tissue turnover rates, which are typically species- and tissue-specific. In this study, we generated lipid normalization models for \u03b413C and investigated the effects of chemical lipid extractions on \u03b413C and \u03b415N in Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) muscle, liver, and skin. We also evaluated tissue-specific isotope discrimination in walrus muscle, liver, skin, and bone collagen. Mean \u03b413Clipid-free of skin and bone collagen were similar, as were mean \u03b415N of muscle and liver. All other tissues differed significantly for both isotopes. Differences in \u03b413Clipid-free and \u03b415N among tissues agreed with published estimates of marine mammal tissue-specific isotope discrimination factors, with the exception of skin. The results of this work will allow researchers to gain a clearer understanding of walrus diet and the structure of Arctic food webs, while also making it possible to directly compare the results of contemporary walrus isotope research with those of historic and paleoecological studies.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.4047492", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3482926", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
            "issn": [
              "2045-2322"
            ], 
            "name": "Scientific Reports", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "9"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Lipid normalization and stable isotope discrimination in Pacific walrus tissues.", 
        "pagination": "5843", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1113355937"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101563288"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30971722"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113355937"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T09:23", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000376_0000000376/records_56185_00000006.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42095-z"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    299 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      96 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1103
    3 schema:author N1d87885f3d00455b951657a3461eb339
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/0-387-33745-8
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2504-1_03
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00265562
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00379558
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00952434
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050865
    16 sg:pub.10.1111/1523-1747.ep12275348
    17 https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20535
    18 https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.200810425
    19 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.1051070304
    20 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2454
    21 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6394
    22 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6556
    23 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7239
    24 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8168
    25 https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.1995.1090
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90199-0
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(81)90244-1
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90204-7
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(91)90066-x
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.08.007
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2008.06.027
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.09.007
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.09.008
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2015.11.001
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.03.002
    36 https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2014.908872
    37 https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu106
    38 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01394.x
    39 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01224.x
    40 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01620.x
    41 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0633.2004.00056.x
    42 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.1997.tb00661.x
    43 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00316.x
    44 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00345.x
    45 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00469.x
    46 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00033.x
    47 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00047.x
    48 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121365
    49 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.327543
    50 https://doi.org/10.1139/z01-229
    51 https://doi.org/10.1139/z05-083
    52 https://doi.org/10.1139/z06-187
    53 https://doi.org/10.1139/z08-042
    54 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144726
    55 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.18.110187.001453
    56 https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609345075
    57 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.093963
    58 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116182
    59 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177880
    60 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v066.i05
    61 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v067.i01
    62 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[1271:siiaea]2.0.co;2
    63 https://doi.org/10.1890/09-2409.1
    64 https://doi.org/10.2307/1368808
    65 https://doi.org/10.2307/1369361
    66 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468438
    67 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1360
    68 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1962.214935x
    69 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09706
    70 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps236289
    71 https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2003.48.1.0277
    72 schema:datePublished 2019-12
    73 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
    74 schema:description Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values (δ<sup>13</sup>C and δ<sup>15</sup>N) of animal tissues can provide important information about diet, physiology, and movements. Interpretation of δ<sup>13</sup>C and δ<sup>15</sup>N values, however, is influenced by factors such as sample lipid content, tissue-specific isotope discrimination, and tissue turnover rates, which are typically species- and tissue-specific. In this study, we generated lipid normalization models for δ<sup>13</sup>C and investigated the effects of chemical lipid extractions on δ<sup>13</sup>C and δ<sup>15</sup>N in Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) muscle, liver, and skin. We also evaluated tissue-specific isotope discrimination in walrus muscle, liver, skin, and bone collagen. Mean δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>lipid-free</sub> of skin and bone collagen were similar, as were mean δ<sup>15</sup>N of muscle and liver. All other tissues differed significantly for both isotopes. Differences in δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>lipid-free</sub> and δ<sup>15</sup>N among tissues agreed with published estimates of marine mammal tissue-specific isotope discrimination factors, with the exception of skin. The results of this work will allow researchers to gain a clearer understanding of walrus diet and the structure of Arctic food webs, while also making it possible to directly compare the results of contemporary walrus isotope research with those of historic and paleoecological studies.
    75 schema:genre research_article
    76 schema:inLanguage en
    77 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    78 schema:isPartOf N331b37c5b76f4cadb9c0b40cc7788664
    79 N920b0adb629a40e6b690cebe3e1e189a
    80 sg:journal.1045337
    81 schema:name Lipid normalization and stable isotope discrimination in Pacific walrus tissues.
    82 schema:pagination 5843
    83 schema:productId N4d1e535039df457d880b5f94c1d527af
    84 N73a17bda77a94450b6ff7b4d8eda21c5
    85 Nd2bdb1c6e4fa494ba2d619b7d531d800
    86 Nf8963042f436451387611bb28572293b
    87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113355937
    88 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z
    89 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T09:23
    90 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    91 schema:sdPublisher N52e6684877154dc2af28e3ebd832f534
    92 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42095-z
    93 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    94 sgo:sdDataset articles
    95 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    96 N1d87885f3d00455b951657a3461eb339 rdf:first N2783fa81758e4f8ba3b2d8d26168e32a
    97 rdf:rest N24281cb259aa485a887809c541f23fa0
    98 N24281cb259aa485a887809c541f23fa0 rdf:first Nc31da79c254a44eabc3f9ccf95588d17
    99 rdf:rest Nd58d97ef3975414986f16483e2f9c609
    100 N2783fa81758e4f8ba3b2d8d26168e32a schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b
    101 schema:familyName Clark
    102 schema:givenName Casey T
    103 rdf:type schema:Person
    104 N2f8d5b4a2ffa400fab52e98cecca8374 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b
    105 schema:familyName Misarti
    106 schema:givenName Nicole
    107 rdf:type schema:Person
    108 N331b37c5b76f4cadb9c0b40cc7788664 schema:issueNumber 1
    109 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    110 N4d1e535039df457d880b5f94c1d527af schema:name doi
    111 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z
    112 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    113 N52e6684877154dc2af28e3ebd832f534 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    114 rdf:type schema:Organization
    115 N73a17bda77a94450b6ff7b4d8eda21c5 schema:name pubmed_id
    116 schema:value 30971722
    117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    118 N920b0adb629a40e6b690cebe3e1e189a schema:volumeNumber 9
    119 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    120 Nc31da79c254a44eabc3f9ccf95588d17 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b
    121 schema:familyName Horstmann
    122 schema:givenName Lara
    123 rdf:type schema:Person
    124 Nd2bdb1c6e4fa494ba2d619b7d531d800 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    125 schema:value 101563288
    126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    127 Nd58d97ef3975414986f16483e2f9c609 rdf:first N2f8d5b4a2ffa400fab52e98cecca8374
    128 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    129 Nf8963042f436451387611bb28572293b schema:name dimensions_id
    130 schema:value pub.1113355937
    131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    132 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    133 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    135 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    136 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    138 sg:grant.3482926 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z
    139 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    140 sg:grant.4047492 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-42095-z
    141 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    142 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
    143 schema:name Scientific Reports
    144 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    145 sg:pub.10.1007/0-387-33745-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019368444
    146 https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-33745-8
    147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    148 sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2504-1_03 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001683399
    149 https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2504-1_03
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00265562 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021208599
    152 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00265562
    153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    154 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00379558 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034170216
    155 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00379558
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00952434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053500347
    158 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00952434
    159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    160 sg:pub.10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085138427
    161 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3154-5
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023438952
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-006-0171-0
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013957900
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1492-z
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053019802
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1571-1
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053228749
    173 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001268865
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050865 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017960041
    179 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050865
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1111/1523-1747.ep12275348 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021045495
    182 https://doi.org/10.1111/1523-1747.ep12275348
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20535 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020484863
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.200810425 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050800839
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.1051070304 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022881195
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008221323
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041479590
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.6556 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026157446
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046178089
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104109821
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.1995.1090 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024700502
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90199-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048656827
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(81)90244-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049162500
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90204-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003091938
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(91)90066-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036029945
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.08.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016721212
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2008.06.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003585964
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.09.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091829703
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.09.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035811513
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2015.11.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014928479
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.03.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005453759
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2014.908872 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035207684
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033479976
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01394.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025223616
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01224.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019012146
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01620.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047032613
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0633.2004.00056.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018594742
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.1997.tb00661.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017051988
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00316.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031242981
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00345.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051383931
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00469.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053073588
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00033.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044814296
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00047.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029671930
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121365 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062453294
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.327543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062603615
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://doi.org/10.1139/z01-229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032184909
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.1139/z05-083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038342580
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.1139/z06-187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017990055
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.1139/z08-042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031670982
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032767286
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.18.110187.001453 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046908415
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609345075 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063898218
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.093963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013391429
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037996786
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177880 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085729295
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v066.i05 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068672992
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v067.i01 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068673008
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[1271:siiaea]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005204644
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1890/09-2409.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004703178
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.2307/1368808 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069453664
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.2307/1369361 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069454213
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.2307/1468438 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069504911
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1360 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070886668
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1962.214935x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070893103
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071170203
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps236289 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071176445
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2003.48.1.0277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040165867
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.70738.3b schema:alternateName University of Alaska Fairbanks
    295 schema:name College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2150 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-7220, USA.
    296 College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2150 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-7220, USA. ctclark@alaska.edu.
    297 Water and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1764 Tanana Loop, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-5860, USA.
    298 Water and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1764 Tanana Loop, Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775-5860, USA. ctclark@alaska.edu.
    299 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...