The Production of Matchout-Deuterated Cholesterol and the Study of Bilayer-Cholesterol Interactions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Sarah Waldie, Martine Moulin, Lionel Porcar, Harald Pichler, Gernot A. Strohmeier, Maximilian Skoda, V. Trevor Forsyth, Michael Haertlein, Selma Maric, Marité Cárdenas

ABSTRACT

The deuteration of biomolecules provides advanced opportunities for neutron scattering studies. For low resolution studies using techniques such as small-angle neutron scattering and neutron reflection, the level of deuteration of a sample can be varied to match the scattering length density of a specific D2O/H2O solvent mixture. This can be of major value in structural studies where specific regions of a complex system can be highlighted, and others rendered invisible. This is especially useful in analyses of the structure and dynamics of membrane components. In mammalian membranes, the presence of cholesterol is crucial in modulating the properties of lipids and in their interaction with proteins. Here, a protocol is described for the production of partially deuterated cholesterol which has a neutron scattering length density that matches that of 100% D2O solvent (hereby named matchout cholesterol). The level of deuteration was determined by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. The cholesterol match-point was verified experimentally using small angle neutron scattering. The matchout cholesterol was used to investigate the incorporation of cholesterol in various phosphatidylcholine supported lipid bilayers by neutron reflectometry. The study included both saturated and unsaturated lipids, as well as lipids with varying chain lengths. It was found that cholesterol is distributed asymmetrically within the bilayer, positioned closer to the headgroups of the lipids than to the middle of the tail core, regardless of the phosphatidylcholine species. More... »

PAGES

5118

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41439-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41439-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112988342

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30914734


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