Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand’s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke’s Bay in 1931 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Christine Clement, Shannon Abeling, Joanne Deely, Andrea Teng, George Thomson, David Johnston, Nick Wilson

ABSTRACT

In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as "serious", and 5% had died (n = 28). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones. More... »

PAGES

4914

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30894655


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Genealogist/Family Historian, Te Puke, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Clement", 
        "givenName": "Christine", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Auckland", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Abeling", 
        "givenName": "Shannon", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Canterbury District Health Board", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f", 
          "name": [
            "Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Deely", 
        "givenName": "Joanne", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Teng", 
        "givenName": "Andrea", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thomson", 
        "givenName": "George", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "GNS Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39", 
          "name": [
            "GNS Science and Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Johnston", 
        "givenName": "David", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wilson", 
        "givenName": "Nick", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020739544"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045525324"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047221721"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084209130"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091504357"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as \"serious\", and 5% had died (n\u2009=\u200928). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
        "issn": [
          "2045-2322"
        ], 
        "name": "Scientific Reports", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand\u2019s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke\u2019s Bay in 1931", 
    "pagination": "4914", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0d2459e8a826ce0afd351034f483c777d72e642759a10f3051b62c98fcf6f3f4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30894655"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101563288"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1112871496"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:18", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000368_0000000368/records_78941_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41432-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

134 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      36 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author N16b9943fb2ce4a9193fd792734f50c4c
4 schema:citation https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8
6 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701
7 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652
8 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837
9 https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228
10 https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346
11 schema:datePublished 2019-12
12 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
13 schema:description In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as "serious", and 5% had died (n = 28). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones.
14 schema:genre research_article
15 schema:inLanguage en
16 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
17 schema:isPartOf N167086b2b0034a648b6bb987d5db9ae2
18 N6604e0e213cf40ddb0fc7a00f1e789b8
19 sg:journal.1045337
20 schema:name Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand’s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke’s Bay in 1931
21 schema:pagination 4914
22 schema:productId N51bd904a3b9a4adbb033ca49c2b05ab6
23 N65c1b341f3f2435bb247a79be8a02b95
24 N6d65c6502fa1409783335d1984658ee6
25 N94a6a66997754e7ea26cea24729a4ea6
26 N9c9b78219a51498396c27096e0e54b30
27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496
28 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6
29 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:18
30 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
31 schema:sdPublisher Nff1059d96b2f4608ab0f024f5d90a3dd
32 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41432-6
33 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
34 sgo:sdDataset articles
35 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
36 N07157f65190b4e98b97757be0b501596 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f
37 schema:familyName Deely
38 schema:givenName Joanne
39 rdf:type schema:Person
40 N167086b2b0034a648b6bb987d5db9ae2 schema:issueNumber 1
41 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
42 N16b9943fb2ce4a9193fd792734f50c4c rdf:first Nf59ebe3679a94026833c44047c4787d3
43 rdf:rest N58c91cf0164a44a4abe004d03b41cc97
44 N24a1a65ad6d44b5d85e7b21139939bb6 rdf:first N870c179c2c4a4c33bf5fd39b5d84aba7
45 rdf:rest Nbf2f9f1a53264dfe889246fbead8088a
46 N32f97a38590943e6a53860adbdca03d2 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e
47 schema:familyName Abeling
48 schema:givenName Shannon
49 rdf:type schema:Person
50 N51bd904a3b9a4adbb033ca49c2b05ab6 schema:name dimensions_id
51 schema:value pub.1112871496
52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
53 N58c91cf0164a44a4abe004d03b41cc97 rdf:first N32f97a38590943e6a53860adbdca03d2
54 rdf:rest Nb8d7033803524d44817398bab76c5140
55 N65c1b341f3f2435bb247a79be8a02b95 schema:name nlm_unique_id
56 schema:value 101563288
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N6604e0e213cf40ddb0fc7a00f1e789b8 schema:volumeNumber 9
59 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
60 N6d65c6502fa1409783335d1984658ee6 schema:name doi
61 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N7b78d2926cf642439235cd6dfdc29e3b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
64 schema:familyName Teng
65 schema:givenName Andrea
66 rdf:type schema:Person
67 N7d6e3121c8b1402ebbd1dbccb1b8a2bd rdf:first Ndd6557d219cf488287aa70a4da284f28
68 rdf:rest N24a1a65ad6d44b5d85e7b21139939bb6
69 N870c179c2c4a4c33bf5fd39b5d84aba7 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39
70 schema:familyName Johnston
71 schema:givenName David
72 rdf:type schema:Person
73 N94a6a66997754e7ea26cea24729a4ea6 schema:name readcube_id
74 schema:value 0d2459e8a826ce0afd351034f483c777d72e642759a10f3051b62c98fcf6f3f4
75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
76 N9c9b78219a51498396c27096e0e54b30 schema:name pubmed_id
77 schema:value 30894655
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 Nb8d7033803524d44817398bab76c5140 rdf:first N07157f65190b4e98b97757be0b501596
80 rdf:rest Nbd663141f001412184577607c0a533d1
81 Nbd663141f001412184577607c0a533d1 rdf:first N7b78d2926cf642439235cd6dfdc29e3b
82 rdf:rest N7d6e3121c8b1402ebbd1dbccb1b8a2bd
83 Nbf2f9f1a53264dfe889246fbead8088a rdf:first Nf496c0e9a4474089b0f70576b6ff066e
84 rdf:rest rdf:nil
85 Ndd6557d219cf488287aa70a4da284f28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
86 schema:familyName Thomson
87 schema:givenName George
88 rdf:type schema:Person
89 Nf496c0e9a4474089b0f70576b6ff066e schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
90 schema:familyName Wilson
91 schema:givenName Nick
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 Nf59ebe3679a94026833c44047c4787d3 schema:affiliation Nff1982d148cb4242ab2ba125b1ab8d15
94 schema:familyName Clement
95 schema:givenName Christine
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 Nff1059d96b2f4608ab0f024f5d90a3dd schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
98 rdf:type schema:Organization
99 Nff1982d148cb4242ab2ba125b1ab8d15 schema:name Genealogist/Family Historian, Te Puke, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
100 rdf:type schema:Organization
101 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
102 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
108 schema:name Scientific Reports
109 rdf:type schema:Periodical
110 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972 schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091504357
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020739544
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084209130
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045525324
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047221721
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39 schema:alternateName GNS Science
124 schema:name GNS Science and Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a schema:alternateName University of Otago
127 schema:name Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
129 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f schema:alternateName Canterbury District Health Board
130 schema:name Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand
131 rdf:type schema:Organization
132 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e schema:alternateName University of Auckland
133 schema:name Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...