Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand’s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke’s Bay in 1931 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Christine Clement, Shannon Abeling, Joanne Deely, Andrea Teng, George Thomson, David Johnston, Nick Wilson

ABSTRACT

In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as "serious", and 5% had died (n = 28). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones. More... »

PAGES

4914

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30894655


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Genealogist/Family Historian, Te Puke, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Clement", 
        "givenName": "Christine", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Auckland", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Abeling", 
        "givenName": "Shannon", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Canterbury District Health Board", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f", 
          "name": [
            "Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Deely", 
        "givenName": "Joanne", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Teng", 
        "givenName": "Andrea", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thomson", 
        "givenName": "George", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "GNS Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39", 
          "name": [
            "GNS Science and Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Johnston", 
        "givenName": "David", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wilson", 
        "givenName": "Nick", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020739544"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045525324"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047221721"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084209130"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091504357"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as \"serious\", and 5% had died (n\u2009=\u200928). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
        "issn": [
          "2045-2322"
        ], 
        "name": "Scientific Reports", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand\u2019s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke\u2019s Bay in 1931", 
    "pagination": "4914", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0d2459e8a826ce0afd351034f483c777d72e642759a10f3051b62c98fcf6f3f4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30894655"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101563288"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1112871496"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:18", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000368_0000000368/records_78941_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41432-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

134 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      36 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author N8631a5c7165342f88c2bb2e865c65235
4 schema:citation https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8
6 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701
7 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652
8 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837
9 https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228
10 https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346
11 schema:datePublished 2019-12
12 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
13 schema:description In this study we aimed to produce the first detailed analysis of the epidemiology of the severe injury and mortality impacts of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake in New Zealand (NZ). This involved the compilation and analysis of archival data (hospitalisations and deaths) including the examination of 324 death certificates. We found that there were 662 people for whom some hospitalisation data were available at four weeks post-earthquake: 54% were still in hospital, 4% were still classified as "serious", and 5% had died (n = 28). Our classification of death certificate data indicated 256 earthquake-attributable deaths and for another five deaths the earthquake was estimated to have played an indirect role. There were 15 buildings associated with three or more deaths each (accounting for 58% of deaths with a known location). Many of these buildings were multi-storey and involved unreinforced masonry - with some of this falling into the street and killing people there (19% of deaths). In contrast, deaths in homes, which were typically of wood construction and single stories, comprised only 3% of deaths. In conclusion, this earthquake had a relatively high injury impact that appears partly related to the lack of regulations for building construction that would mitigate earthquake-related risk. Such regulations continue to be of relevance for New Zealand and for other countries in earthquake zones.
14 schema:genre research_article
15 schema:inLanguage en
16 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
17 schema:isPartOf N8998b4433dfb429683c2cbbba401063b
18 Nf05d74cb607a41eaa3aefac58c8a0ccd
19 sg:journal.1045337
20 schema:name Descriptive Epidemiology of New Zealand’s Highest Mortality Earthquake: Hawke’s Bay in 1931
21 schema:pagination 4914
22 schema:productId N27ed2cada5454bd2a2f811db8ee3a7d1
23 N593ea0df00cd4b25887378b13851a16c
24 N620d1580c4174664bdb114088c7bb43c
25 N7e901aeac4434b94a27b28829ecc02d9
26 Nbcc37568f459432ea3cc8e3b1318c1ee
27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112871496
28 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6
29 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:18
30 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
31 schema:sdPublisher N57ed8b7ecff24169bc03b9e290ded282
32 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41432-6
33 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
34 sgo:sdDataset articles
35 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
36 N0b8ba40f73cd472d82f966bdff60433f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
37 schema:familyName Wilson
38 schema:givenName Nick
39 rdf:type schema:Person
40 N170811a26a9c49ddb65e8ac2065fc7f8 schema:name Genealogist/Family Historian, Te Puke, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
41 rdf:type schema:Organization
42 N24c50d4dc29b40f98faa36f14178a93d rdf:first N6bc951c33cc843949d3337a00a5552cc
43 rdf:rest N73527a201c884107b50aeb77a51ad38d
44 N27ed2cada5454bd2a2f811db8ee3a7d1 schema:name dimensions_id
45 schema:value pub.1112871496
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N43b49d83f824496faf30159788d1cd36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f
48 schema:familyName Deely
49 schema:givenName Joanne
50 rdf:type schema:Person
51 N48b5586a06864e4ca7106cb679f3284f rdf:first Nf3196229d4a84bb490de23fd60c1b030
52 rdf:rest N67baf1938fa44ad89320cc53468aa4e0
53 N57ed8b7ecff24169bc03b9e290ded282 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
54 rdf:type schema:Organization
55 N593ea0df00cd4b25887378b13851a16c schema:name nlm_unique_id
56 schema:value 101563288
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N5d9cfe4389274ff7aa4bd6899ca62cb0 rdf:first N43b49d83f824496faf30159788d1cd36
59 rdf:rest N48b5586a06864e4ca7106cb679f3284f
60 N620d1580c4174664bdb114088c7bb43c schema:name readcube_id
61 schema:value 0d2459e8a826ce0afd351034f483c777d72e642759a10f3051b62c98fcf6f3f4
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N67baf1938fa44ad89320cc53468aa4e0 rdf:first Nb5afec92658148549c42f5cea1ca383c
64 rdf:rest N24c50d4dc29b40f98faa36f14178a93d
65 N6bc951c33cc843949d3337a00a5552cc schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39
66 schema:familyName Johnston
67 schema:givenName David
68 rdf:type schema:Person
69 N73527a201c884107b50aeb77a51ad38d rdf:first N0b8ba40f73cd472d82f966bdff60433f
70 rdf:rest rdf:nil
71 N7e901aeac4434b94a27b28829ecc02d9 schema:name pubmed_id
72 schema:value 30894655
73 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
74 N8631a5c7165342f88c2bb2e865c65235 rdf:first Na14c98063cfd4b18bf5d8d16b49a5807
75 rdf:rest Ne97423d93b1942c4921fa24efdfcc3fb
76 N8998b4433dfb429683c2cbbba401063b schema:volumeNumber 9
77 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
78 Na14c98063cfd4b18bf5d8d16b49a5807 schema:affiliation N170811a26a9c49ddb65e8ac2065fc7f8
79 schema:familyName Clement
80 schema:givenName Christine
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 Nb5afec92658148549c42f5cea1ca383c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
83 schema:familyName Thomson
84 schema:givenName George
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 Nbcc37568f459432ea3cc8e3b1318c1ee schema:name doi
87 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-019-41432-6
88 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
89 Ne97423d93b1942c4921fa24efdfcc3fb rdf:first Nf0f89df413a642ac934c3902f38c2c77
90 rdf:rest N5d9cfe4389274ff7aa4bd6899ca62cb0
91 Nf05d74cb607a41eaa3aefac58c8a0ccd schema:issueNumber 1
92 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
93 Nf0f89df413a642ac934c3902f38c2c77 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e
94 schema:familyName Abeling
95 schema:givenName Shannon
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 Nf3196229d4a84bb490de23fd60c1b030 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
98 schema:familyName Teng
99 schema:givenName Andrea
100 rdf:type schema:Person
101 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
102 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
108 schema:name Scientific Reports
109 rdf:type schema:Periodical
110 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078787972 schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(17)30101-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091504357
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199602153340701 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020739544
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12652 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084209130
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12837 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107892556
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1111/irv.12228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045525324
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2013.869346 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047221721
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15638.39 schema:alternateName GNS Science
124 schema:name GNS Science and Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a schema:alternateName University of Otago
127 schema:name Department of Public Health, University of Otago Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
129 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410864.f schema:alternateName Canterbury District Health Board
130 schema:name Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand
131 rdf:type schema:Organization
132 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9654.e schema:alternateName University of Auckland
133 schema:name Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
134 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...