Characterization of the gut microbiota of invasive Agrilus mali Matsumara (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) using high-throughput sequencing: uncovering plant cell-wall degrading bacteria View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Tohir A. Bozorov, Bakhtiyor A. Rasulov, Daoyuan Zhang

ABSTRACT

The genus Agrilus comprises diverse exotic and agriculturally important wood-boring insects that have evolved efficient digestive systems. Agrilus mali Matsumara, an invasive insect, is causing extensive mortality to endangered wild apple trees in Tianshan. In this study, we present an in-depth characterization of the gut microbiota of A. mali based on high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and report the presence of lignocellulose-degrading bacteria. Thirty-nine operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were characterized from the larval gut. OTUs represented 6 phyla, 10 classes, 16 orders, 20 families, and 20 genera. The majority of bacterial OTUs belonged to the order Enterobacteriales which was the most abundant taxa in the larval gut. Cultivable bacteria revealed 9 OTUs that all belonged to Gammaproteobacteria. Subsequently, we examined the breakdown of plant cell-wall compounds by bacterial isolates. Among the isolates, the highest efficiency was observed in Pantoea sp., which was able to synthesize four out of the six enzymes (cellulase, cellobiase, β-xylanase, and β-gluconase) responsible for plant-cell wall degradation. One isolate identified as Pseudomonas orientalis exhibited lignin peroxidase activity. Our study provides the first characterization of the gut microbial diversity of A. mali larvae and shows that some cultivable bacteria play a significant role in the digestive tracts of larvae by providing nutritional needs. More... »

PAGES

4923

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41368-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41368-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112872939

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30894631


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