Discovery and genetic characterization of diverse smacoviruses in Zambian non-human primates. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Paulina D Anindita, Michihito Sasaki, Gabriel Gonzalez, Wallaya Phongphaew, Michael Carr, Bernard M Hang'ombe, Aaron S Mweene, Kimihito Ito, Yasuko Orba, Hirofumi Sawa

ABSTRACT

The Smacoviridae has recently been classified as a family of small circular single-stranded DNA viruses. An increasing number of smacovirus genomes have been identified exclusively in faecal matter of various vertebrate species and from insect body parts. However, the genetic diversity and host range of smacoviruses remains to be fully elucidated. Herein, we report the genetic characterization of eleven circular replication-associated protein (Rep) encoding single-stranded (CRESS) DNA viruses detected in the faeces of Zambian non-human primates. Based on pairwise genome-wide and amino acid identities with reference smacovirus species, ten of the identified CRESS DNA viruses are assigned to the genera Porprismacovirus and Huchismacovirus of the family Smacoviridae, which bidirectionally encode two major open reading frames (ORFs): Rep and capsid protein (CP) characteristic of a type IV genome organization. The remaining unclassified CRESS DNA virus was related to smacoviruses but possessed a genome harbouring a unidirectionally oriented CP and Rep, assigned as a type V genome organization. Moreover, phylogenetic and recombination analyses provided evidence for recombination events encompassing the 3'-end of the Rep ORF in the unclassified CRESS DNA virus. Our findings increase the knowledge of the known genetic diversity of smacoviruses and highlight African non-human primates as carrier animals. More... »

PAGES

5045

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-41358-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41358-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113300682

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962460


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