Thermochemistry and Kinetics of the Thermal Degradation of 2-Methoxyethanol as Possible Biofuel Additives View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Mohamed A. Abdel-Rahman, Nessreen Al-Hashimi, Mohamed F. Shibl, Kazunari Yoshizawa, Ahmed M. El-Nahas

ABSTRACT

Oxygenated organic compounds derived from biomass (biofuel) are a promising alternative renewable energy resource. Alcohols are widely used as biofuels, but studies on bifunctional alcohols are still limited. This work investigates the unimolecular thermal degradation of 2-methoxyethanol (2ME) using DFT/BMK and ab initio (CBS-QB3 and G3) methods. Enthalpies of the formation of 2ME and its decomposition species have been calculated. Conventional transition state theory has been used to estimate the rate constant of the pyrolysis of 2ME over a temperature range of 298-2000 K. Production of methoxyethene via 1,3-H atom transfer represents the most kinetically favored path in the course of 2ME pyrolysis at room temperature and requires less energy than the weakest Cα - Cβ simple bond fission. Thermodynamically, the most preferred channel is methane and glycoladhyde formation. A ninefold frequency factor gives a superiority of the Cα - Cβ bond breaking over the Cγ - Oβ bond fission despite comparable activation energies of these two processes. More... »

PAGES

4535

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-40890-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40890-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112764632

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30872682


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