The Association of Body Size, Shape and Composition with Vertebral Size in Midlife – The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Petteri Oura, Marjukka Nurkkala, Juha Auvinen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Jaro Karppinen, Juho-Antti Junno

ABSTRACT

Small vertebral size increases the risk of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Obese individuals have larger vertebral size and potentially lower fracture risk than lean individuals, but scarce data exist on the association between vertebral size and anthropometric measures beyond height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Here, we evaluated several anthropometric measures (height, weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio [WHR], waist-to-height ratio [WHtR], fat mass [FM], lean body mass [LBM], percentage FM [%FM], percentage LBM [%LBM]) as predictors of vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA). We used a representative sample from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 1087), with anthropometric measurements from the ages of 31 and 46, bioimpedance analysis from the age of 46, and lumbar magnetic resonance imaging from the age of 46 years. In our data, height and LBM correlated most strongly with vertebral CSA among both sexes (0.469 ≤ r ≤ 0.514), while WHR, WHtR, %FM, and %LBM had the weakest correlations with vertebral CSA (|r| ≤ 0.114). We conclude that height and LBM have the highest, yet only moderate correlations with vertebral size. High absolute LBM, rather than FM or abdominal mass accumulation, correlates with large vertebral size and thus potentially also with lower osteoporotic vertebral fracture risk. More... »

PAGES

3944

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-40880-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40880-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112641584

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30850701


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