The association analysis between HLA-A*26 and Behçet’s disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Jutaro Nakamura, Akira Meguro, Genji Ishii, Takahiro Mihara, Masaki Takeuchi, Yuki Mizuki, Kentaro Yuda, Takahiro Yamane, Tatsukata Kawagoe, Masao Ota, Nobuhisa Mizuki

ABSTRACT

The strongest genetic risk factor of Behçet's disease (BD) is HLA-B*51. Our group previously reported that HLA-A*26 is independently associated with the risk of the onset of BD apart from HLA-B*51. Here, we re-evaluated the association between HLA-A*26 and BD in the Japanese population. We also performed a comprehensive literature search and meta-analyzed the extracted published data concerning the relationship between HLA-A*26 and BD to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of HLA-A*26 to BD. In this study, we genotyped 611 Japanese BD patients and 2,955 unrelated ethnically matched healthy controls. Genotyping results showed that the phenotype frequency of HLA-A*26 was higher in BD patients than in controls (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.75-2.56). Furthermore, within the HLA-B*51-negative populations, the phenotype frequency of HLA-A*26 was significantly higher in BD patients than in controls (OR = 3.10, 95% CI: 2.43-3.95). Results obtained from meta-analysis combined with our data showed that the modified OR of HLA-A*26 became 1.80 (95% CI:1.58-2.06), whereas within the HLA-B*51-negative population, the modified OR became 4.02 (95% CI: 2.29-7.05). A subgroup analysis arranged by the geographical regions showed HLA-A*26 is in fact associated with the onset of BD in Northeast Asia (OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1.75-2.56), but not in the Middle East or in Europe. More... »

PAGES

4426

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-40824-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40824-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112765122

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30872678


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48 schema:description The strongest genetic risk factor of Behçet's disease (BD) is HLA-B*51. Our group previously reported that HLA-A*26 is independently associated with the risk of the onset of BD apart from HLA-B*51. Here, we re-evaluated the association between HLA-A*26 and BD in the Japanese population. We also performed a comprehensive literature search and meta-analyzed the extracted published data concerning the relationship between HLA-A*26 and BD to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of HLA-A*26 to BD. In this study, we genotyped 611 Japanese BD patients and 2,955 unrelated ethnically matched healthy controls. Genotyping results showed that the phenotype frequency of HLA-A*26 was higher in BD patients than in controls (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.75-2.56). Furthermore, within the HLA-B*51-negative populations, the phenotype frequency of HLA-A*26 was significantly higher in BD patients than in controls (OR = 3.10, 95% CI: 2.43-3.95). Results obtained from meta-analysis combined with our data showed that the modified OR of HLA-A*26 became 1.80 (95% CI:1.58-2.06), whereas within the HLA-B*51-negative population, the modified OR became 4.02 (95% CI: 2.29-7.05). A subgroup analysis arranged by the geographical regions showed HLA-A*26 is in fact associated with the onset of BD in Northeast Asia (OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1.75-2.56), but not in the Middle East or in Europe.
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