Evidence for Crystalline Structure in Dynamically-Compressed Polyethylene up to 200 GPa View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

N. J. Hartley, S. Brown, T. E. Cowan, E. Cunningham, T. Döppner, R. W. Falcone, L. B. Fletcher, S. Frydrych, E. Galtier, E. J. Gamboa, A. Laso Garcia, D. O. Gericke, S. H. Glenzer, E. Granados, P. A. Heimann, H. J. Lee, M. J. MacDonald, A. J. MacKinnon, E. E. McBride, I. Nam, P. Neumayer, A. Pak, A. Pelka, I. Prencipe, A. Ravasio, M. Rödel, K. Rohatsch, A. M. Saunders, M. Schölmerich, M. Schörner, A. K. Schuster, P. Sun, T. van Driel, J. Vorberger, D. Kraus

ABSTRACT

We investigated the high-pressure behavior of polyethylene (CH2) by probing dynamically-compressed samples with X-ray diffraction. At pressures up to 200 GPa, comparable to those present inside icy giant planets (Uranus, Neptune), shock-compressed polyethylene retains a polymer crystal structure, from which we infer the presence of significant covalent bonding. The A2/m structure which we observe has previously been seen at significantly lower pressures, and the equation of state measured agrees with our findings. This result appears to contrast with recent data from shock-compressed polystyrene (CH) at higher temperatures, which demonstrated demixing and recrystallization into a diamond lattice, implying the breaking of the original chemical bonds. As such chemical processes have significant implications for the structure and energy transfer within ice giants, our results highlight the need for a deeper understanding of the chemistry of high pressure hydrocarbons, and the importance of better constraining planetary temperature profiles. More... »

PAGES

4196

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-40782-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40782-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112706520

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30862904


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