Microbial Degradation of Nicotinamide by a Strain Alcaligenes sp. P156 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Chunhui Hu, Shuxue Zhao, Kuiran Li, Hao Yu

ABSTRACT

A novel Alcaligenes sp. strain P156, which can utilize nicotinamide as its sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy, was enriched and isolated from soil in a solid waste treatment plant. Aerobic growth and degradation with nicotinamide were characterized. Seven nicotinamide degradation-related genes were obtained by sequence alignment from the genome sequence of strain P156. Four genes, designated naaA, naaD, naaE and naaF, were cloned and heterologously expressed. Nicotinamide degradation is initiated by deamination to form nicotinic acid catalyzed by the nicotinamidase NaaA, which shares highest amino acid sequence identity (27.2%) with nicotinamidase from Arabidopsis thaliana. Nicotinic acid is converted to 6-hydroxynicotinic acid, which is further oxidized to 2,5-dihydroxypyridine (2,5-DHP). 2,5-DHP is then transformed to a ring-cleavage product, N-formylmaleamic acid, by an Fe2+ dependent dioxygenase NaaD. N-formylmaleamic acid is transformed to fumaric acid through maleamic acid and maleic acid by NaaE and NaaF, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the complete microbial degradation of nicotinamide in bacteria. Nicotinamide is considered as a model compound for the study of microbial degradation of pyridinic compounds, and the nicotinamide degrading related genes in strain P156 were distributed differently from the reported similar gene clusters. Therefore, this study contribute to the knowledge on the degradation of pyridinic compounds. More... »

PAGES

3647

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-40199-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40199-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112571594

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30842479


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39 schema:description A novel Alcaligenes sp. strain P156, which can utilize nicotinamide as its sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy, was enriched and isolated from soil in a solid waste treatment plant. Aerobic growth and degradation with nicotinamide were characterized. Seven nicotinamide degradation-related genes were obtained by sequence alignment from the genome sequence of strain P156. Four genes, designated naaA, naaD, naaE and naaF, were cloned and heterologously expressed. Nicotinamide degradation is initiated by deamination to form nicotinic acid catalyzed by the nicotinamidase NaaA, which shares highest amino acid sequence identity (27.2%) with nicotinamidase from Arabidopsis thaliana. Nicotinic acid is converted to 6-hydroxynicotinic acid, which is further oxidized to 2,5-dihydroxypyridine (2,5-DHP). 2,5-DHP is then transformed to a ring-cleavage product, N-formylmaleamic acid, by an Fe<sup>2+</sup> dependent dioxygenase NaaD. N-formylmaleamic acid is transformed to fumaric acid through maleamic acid and maleic acid by NaaE and NaaF, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the complete microbial degradation of nicotinamide in bacteria. Nicotinamide is considered as a model compound for the study of microbial degradation of pyridinic compounds, and the nicotinamide degrading related genes in strain P156 were distributed differently from the reported similar gene clusters. Therefore, this study contribute to the knowledge on the degradation of pyridinic compounds.
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