Regulation of the translation activity of antigen-specific mRNA is responsible for antigen loss and tumor immune escape in a HER2-expressing ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Baek-Sang Han, Sunhee Ji, Sungwon Woo, Ji Heui Lee, Jeong-Im Sin

ABSTRACT

Tumor cells tend to behave differently in response to immune selective conditions. Contrary to those in therapeutic antitumor conditions, tumor cells in prophylactic antitumor conditions lose antigen expression for antitumor immune escape. Here, using a CT26/HER2 tumor model, we investigate the underlying mechanism(s). We selected tumor cell variants (CT26/HER2-A1 and -A2) displaying resistance to antitumor protective immunity and loss of HER2 antigen expression. These immune-resistant cells failed to induce Ag-specific IgG and IFN-γ responses while forming tumors at the same rate as CT26/HER2 cells. RT-PCR, qRT-PCR, PCR, Western blot and DNA sequencing analyses demonstrated that HER2 expression was inhibited at the post-transcriptional level in these immune-resistant cells, suggesting that tumor cells may escape antitumor immunity through the post-transcriptional regulation of antigen gene expression. The proteasome and lysosomal protein degradation pathways were not responsible for antigen loss, as determined by an inhibitor assay. Finally, HER2 mRNA was found to be not present in the monosomes and polysomes of CT26/HER2-A2 cells, as opposed to CT26/HER2 cells, suggesting that the translation activity of HER2 mRNAs may be suppressed in these immune-resistant cells. Taken together, our results report a new mechanism by which tumor cells respond to antitumor protective immunity for antitumor immune evasion. More... »

PAGES

2855

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39557-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39557-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112397808

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30814560


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