Key Role of the Ocean Western Boundary currents in shaping the Northern Hemisphere climate View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Nour-Eddine Omrani, Fumiaki Ogawa, Hisashi Nakamura, Noel Keenlyside, Sandro W. Lubis, Katja Matthes

ABSTRACT

The individual impact of North Atlantic and Pacific Ocean Western Boundary Currents (OWBCs) on the tropospheric circulation has recently been studied in depth. However, their simultaneous role in shaping the hemisphere-scale wintertime troposphere/stratosphere-coupled circulation and its variability have not been considered. Through semi-idealized Atmospheric General-Circulation-Model experiments, we show that the North Atlantic and Pacific OWBCs jointly maintain and shape the wintertime hemispheric circulation and its leading mode of variability Northern Annular Mode (NAM). The OWBCs energize baroclinic waves that reinforce quasi-annular hemispheric structure in the tropospheric eddy-driven jetstreams and NAM variability. Without the OWBCs, the wintertime NAM variability is much weaker and its impact on the continental and maritime surface climate is largely insignificant. Atmospheric energy redistribution caused by the OWBCs acts to damp the near-surface atmospheric baroclinicity and compensates the associated oceanic meridional energy transport. Furthermore, the OWBCs substantially weaken the wintertime stratospheric polar vortex by enhancing the upward planetary wave propagation, and thereby affecting both stratospheric and tropospheric NAM-annularity. Whereas the overall impact of the extra-tropical OWBCs on the stratosphere results mainly from the Pacific, the impact on the troposphere results from both the Pacific and Atlantic OWBCs. More... »

PAGES

3014

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-09. The North Atlantic Oscillation in STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 2014-02. Simulated response to inter-annual SST variations in the Gulf Stream region in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2001-07. North Atlantic Oscillation – Concepts And Studies in SURVEYS IN GEOPHYSICS
  • 2008-03. Influence of the Gulf Stream on the troposphere in NATURE
  • 2014-03. A global perspective on CMIP5 climate model biases in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39392-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39392-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112433093

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30816190


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