Benefits of a Bacillus probiotic to larval fish survival and transport stress resistance View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Andrea M. Tarnecki, Marzie Wafapoor, Remy N. Phillips, Nicole R. Rhody

ABSTRACT

The need for sustainable bacterial management approaches in aquaculture is crucial for advancement of the industry. Probiotics are a promising strategy as evidenced by benefits demonstrated in intensive larviculture of various marine fish species. In this study we investigate the effects of a mixed Bacillus species (B. licheniformis and B. amyloliquefaciens) probiotic on rearing of larval common snook (Centropomus undecimalis). Experimental treatments included (1) probiotics supplemented to the water and live feed, (2) probiotics supplemented to the water only, and (3) no probiotic controls. Data from two separate trials indicated up to 2.5 times higher survival with probiotic addition, as well as 20% higher survival 7 days following a transport event. These benefits were not explained by faster growth, measured water quality parameters, or innate immune enzyme activities. Microbiota analysis indicated the importance of system stabilization prior to larval stocking to improve rearing success and probiotic performance. ied Potential probiotic benefits include accelerated gastrointestinal tract development, enhanced immunity, inhibition of opportunistic bacteria, and improvements to water quality parameters. Results suggest this probiotic should be tested in other marine fish species in order to reduce larval rearing bottlenecks. More... »

PAGES

4892

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39316-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39316-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112878002

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30894554


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