Flocculation of kaolin particles with cationic lignin polymers View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Agha Hasan, Pedram Fatehi

ABSTRACT

Currently, lignin of black liquor is incinerated to generate energy in pulp mills; but it has potential to be valorized through different modification methods. In this work, kraft lignin (KL) was polymerized with 2-[(methacryloyloxy) ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride (DMC) to produce cationic water soluble polymers. After producing five polymers with different molecular weights and charge densities, their flocculation efficiency in kaolin suspensions was investigated. The adsorption, zeta potential and flocculation results confirmed that the polymer with the highest charge density and molecular weight (KLD5) was a more effective flocculant than other polymers. The structure and size of flocs formed from the interaction of kaolin with KLD were determined by a focused beam reflectance measurement (FBRM). The sedimentation studies, conducted under gravitational (by vertical scan analyzer) and centrifugal force (by Lumisizer analytical centrifuge), revealed that KLD5 was very effective in flocculating kaolin particles. More... »

PAGES

2672

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39135-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39135-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112363748

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30804391


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