Biomechanical properties of fishing lines of the glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa (Diptera; Keroplatidae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Janek von Byern, Pete Chandler, David Merritt, Wolfram Adlassnig, Ian Stringer, Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow, Alexander Kovalev, Victoria Dorrer, Simone Dimartino, Martina Marchetti-Deschmann, Stanislav Gorb

ABSTRACT

Animals use adhesive secretions in highly diverse ways, such as for settlement, egg anchorage, mating, active or passive defence, etc. One of the most interesting functions is the use of bioadhesives to capture prey, as the bonding has to be performed within milliseconds and often under unfavourable conditions. While much is understood about the adhesive and biomechanical properties of the threads of other hunters such as spiders, barely anything is documented about those of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa. We analysed tensile properties of the fishing lines of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa under natural and dry conditions and measured their adhesion energy to different surfaces. The capture system of A. luminosa is highly adapted to the prevailing conditions (13-15 °C, relative humidity of 98%) whereby the wet fishing lines only show a bonding ability at high relative humidity (>80%) with a mean adhesive energy from 20-45 N/m and a stronger adhesion to polar surfaces. Wet threads show a slightly higher breaking strain value than dried threads, whereas the tensile strength of wet threads was much lower. The analyses show that breaking stress and strain values in Arachnocampa luminosa were very low in comparison to related Arachnocampa species and spider silk threads but exhibit much higher adhesion energy values. While the mechanical differences between the threads of various Arachnocampa species might be consequence of the different sampling and handling of the threads prior to the tests, differences to spiders could be explained by habitat differences and differences in the material ultrastructure. Orb web spiders produce viscid silk consisting of β-pleated sheets, whereas Arachnocampa has cross-β-sheet crystallites within its silk. As a functional explanation, the low tear strength for A. luminosa comprises a safety mechanism and ensures the entire nest is not pulled down by prey which is too heavy. More... »

PAGES

3082

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112433565

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30816149


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Vienna", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37", 
          "name": [
            "Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Experimental and Clinical Traumatology, Austrian Cluster for Tissue Regeneration, Vienna, Austria", 
            "University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Science, Core Facility Cell Imaging & Ultrastructure Research, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "von Byern", 
        "givenName": "Janek", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Spellbound Cave, Waitomo, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chandler", 
        "givenName": "Pete", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Queensland", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1003.2", 
          "name": [
            "The University of Queensland, Faculty of Science, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Merritt", 
        "givenName": "David", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Vienna", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37", 
          "name": [
            "University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Science, Core Facility Cell Imaging & Ultrastructure Research, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adlassnig", 
        "givenName": "Wolfram", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Conservation", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452405.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stringer", 
        "givenName": "Ian", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Hachijojima: Research Institute of Luminous Organisms, Tokyo, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Meyer-Rochow", 
        "givenName": "Victor Benno", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kiel University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c", 
          "name": [
            "Kiel University, Zoological Institute, Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Kiel, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kovalev", 
        "givenName": "Alexander", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "TU Wien", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5329.d", 
          "name": [
            "Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dorrer", 
        "givenName": "Victoria", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Edinburgh", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2", 
          "name": [
            "The University of Edinburgh, School of Engineering, Institute for Bioengineering, Edinburgh, United Kingdom"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dimartino", 
        "givenName": "Simone", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "TU Wien", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5329.d", 
          "name": [
            "Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marchetti-Deschmann", 
        "givenName": "Martina", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kiel University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c", 
          "name": [
            "Kiel University, Zoological Institute, Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Kiel, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gorb", 
        "givenName": "Stanislav", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35069000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002204737", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35069000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35069000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002204737", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35069000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2001.tb00121.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002982976"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2001.tb00121.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002982976"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00222.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004869623"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.1984.10421739", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006298935"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2001.1022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006677370"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.030064", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007039363"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2015.05.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007345729"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/345526a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008227816", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/345526a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02682", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008629828"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1976.tb06823.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011104557"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.014217", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013978135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02327", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015888683"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-4838(99)00088-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020239216"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.42.1.231", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021079738"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat858", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021244225", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat858", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021244225", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m006897200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021762259"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1999.tb01190.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023200199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0141-8130(98)00076-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025567118"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00222932408633104", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027117371"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1389-0352(00)00006-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028223074"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.097816", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029458796"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/8/13/005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030161788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1636/m15-78.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030367489"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2391", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030492838"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep00041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031612593", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00041"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730410391947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032162949"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730410391947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032162949"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-0286-2_8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033059597", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-0286-2_8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bio.955", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233611"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.04.037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035440354"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2006.09.050", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035898864"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.084822", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036043075"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-014-1196-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037122326", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-014-1196-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bip.1981.360200611", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039584831"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040055610", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040055610", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.036947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042073281"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030408", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043465225"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162687", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045468538"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1790(79)90028-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1790(79)90028-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046077877", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1019"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046077877", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1019"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2008.04.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051491801"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.055996", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051847330"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bm301199d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055222610"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1636/0161-8202(2002)030[0494:etsoia]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068164841"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3495919", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070344426"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074550420", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.1994.266.3.r1016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082679721"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083155453", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083296506", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.148080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084256566"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04832", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085322046"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12562", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103815423"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "Animals use adhesive secretions in highly diverse ways, such as for settlement, egg anchorage, mating, active or passive defence, etc. One of the most interesting functions is the use of bioadhesives to capture prey, as the bonding has to be performed within milliseconds and often under unfavourable conditions. While much is understood about the adhesive and biomechanical properties of the threads of other hunters such as spiders, barely anything is documented about those of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa. We analysed tensile properties of the fishing lines of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa under natural and dry conditions and measured their adhesion energy to different surfaces. The capture system of A. luminosa is highly adapted to the prevailing conditions (13-15\u2009\u00b0C, relative humidity of 98%) whereby the wet fishing lines only show a bonding ability at high relative humidity (>80%) with a mean adhesive energy from 20-45\u2009N/m and a stronger adhesion to polar surfaces. Wet threads show a slightly higher breaking strain value than dried threads, whereas the tensile strength of wet threads was much lower. The analyses show that breaking stress and strain values in Arachnocampa luminosa were very low in comparison to related Arachnocampa species and spider silk threads but exhibit much higher adhesion energy values. While the mechanical differences between the threads of various Arachnocampa species might be consequence of the different sampling and handling of the threads prior to the tests, differences to spiders could be explained by habitat differences and differences in the material ultrastructure. Orb web spiders produce viscid silk consisting of \u03b2-pleated sheets, whereas Arachnocampa has cross-\u03b2-sheet crystallites within its silk. As a functional explanation, the low tear strength for A. luminosa comprises a safety mechanism and ensures the entire nest is not pulled down by prey which is too heavy.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.6208498", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
        "issn": [
          "2045-2322"
        ], 
        "name": "Scientific Reports", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Biomechanical properties of fishing lines of the glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa (Diptera; Keroplatidae)", 
    "pagination": "3082", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "13ac42bcebc40038f91d12b498c3763cca97f9b9f4bb01e487a3a0ceb2e68e4b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30816149"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101563288"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1112433565"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112433565"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:04", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000352_0000000352/records_60357_00000004.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-39098-1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

307 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      80 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author Nc3259d5c7eb04081bd168dcc29a86610
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-0286-2_8
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-014-1196-9
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3
7 sg:pub.10.1038/345526a0
8 sg:pub.10.1038/35069000
9 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1019
10 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat858
11 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00041
12 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074550420
13 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083155453
14 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083296506
15 https://doi.org/10.1002/bio.955
16 https://doi.org/10.1002/bip.1981.360200611
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1790(79)90028-3
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2015.05.008
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2006.09.050
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.04.037
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2008.04.002
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0141-8130(98)00076-2
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-4838(99)00088-6
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1389-0352(00)00006-4
25 https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04832
26 https://doi.org/10.1021/bm301199d
27 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00222.x
28 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m006897200
29 https://doi.org/10.1080/00222932408633104
30 https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.1984.10421739
31 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/8/13/005
32 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2391
33 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2001.1022
34 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1999.tb01190.x
35 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2001.tb00121.x
36 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1976.tb06823.x
37 https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12562
38 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.42.1.231
39 https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.1994.266.3.r1016
40 https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730410391947
41 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.014217
42 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02327
43 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02682
44 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.030064
45 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.036947
46 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.055996
47 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.084822
48 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.097816
49 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.148080
50 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030408
51 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162687
52 https://doi.org/10.1636/0161-8202(2002)030[0494:etsoia]2.0.co;2
53 https://doi.org/10.1636/m15-78.1
54 https://doi.org/10.2307/3495919
55 schema:datePublished 2019-12
56 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
57 schema:description Animals use adhesive secretions in highly diverse ways, such as for settlement, egg anchorage, mating, active or passive defence, etc. One of the most interesting functions is the use of bioadhesives to capture prey, as the bonding has to be performed within milliseconds and often under unfavourable conditions. While much is understood about the adhesive and biomechanical properties of the threads of other hunters such as spiders, barely anything is documented about those of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa. We analysed tensile properties of the fishing lines of the New Zealand glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa under natural and dry conditions and measured their adhesion energy to different surfaces. The capture system of A. luminosa is highly adapted to the prevailing conditions (13-15 °C, relative humidity of 98%) whereby the wet fishing lines only show a bonding ability at high relative humidity (>80%) with a mean adhesive energy from 20-45 N/m and a stronger adhesion to polar surfaces. Wet threads show a slightly higher breaking strain value than dried threads, whereas the tensile strength of wet threads was much lower. The analyses show that breaking stress and strain values in Arachnocampa luminosa were very low in comparison to related Arachnocampa species and spider silk threads but exhibit much higher adhesion energy values. While the mechanical differences between the threads of various Arachnocampa species might be consequence of the different sampling and handling of the threads prior to the tests, differences to spiders could be explained by habitat differences and differences in the material ultrastructure. Orb web spiders produce viscid silk consisting of β-pleated sheets, whereas Arachnocampa has cross-β-sheet crystallites within its silk. As a functional explanation, the low tear strength for A. luminosa comprises a safety mechanism and ensures the entire nest is not pulled down by prey which is too heavy.
58 schema:genre research_article
59 schema:inLanguage en
60 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
61 schema:isPartOf N22462c7125a040c7ba0fea65491017d8
62 Nb8f1cb0030df466ebb9d05d7a95bdc91
63 sg:journal.1045337
64 schema:name Biomechanical properties of fishing lines of the glowworm Arachnocampa luminosa (Diptera; Keroplatidae)
65 schema:pagination 3082
66 schema:productId N4bd09e3b0eda486a9cc489089e03a512
67 N5cde363601484a4683e668879a1accea
68 N888db7ef84c24b9a943165a9058b2365
69 N8c29b97e8b044fafbb864d6829e5a532
70 Nb51ea6a5ca7e4c59b330f90e4b4088fa
71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112433565
72 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1
73 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:04
74 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
75 schema:sdPublisher N632dea8836444a2cb79f48bf6f8d69c6
76 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-39098-1
77 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
78 sgo:sdDataset articles
79 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
80 N0f73288574d24ef89422df3d9dcc5c4e schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c
81 schema:familyName Kovalev
82 schema:givenName Alexander
83 rdf:type schema:Person
84 N1a28646f56e743e88695163f91dee6b0 rdf:first Ne9546309bac74cc888848fb1db8e02fe
85 rdf:rest N3e1722c3a5eb4fc1814ca965fe9764b1
86 N22462c7125a040c7ba0fea65491017d8 schema:issueNumber 1
87 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
88 N3ad667f2e2f6403ca6d06a1c79cc5f46 schema:affiliation Na3d85f9b59f04f5d869e6ba0621eb13f
89 schema:familyName Chandler
90 schema:givenName Pete
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 N3e1722c3a5eb4fc1814ca965fe9764b1 rdf:first Nb1eedc3be83a422f9814ea8071e92d69
93 rdf:rest N6363335169be4109bb29c52fa6a3a3c0
94 N3fe14ec7d4d44dacad49fc53be71ce25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37
95 schema:familyName von Byern
96 schema:givenName Janek
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 N41c7521475864785bca3e9086c8cb0bd schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1003.2
99 schema:familyName Merritt
100 schema:givenName David
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 N4bd09e3b0eda486a9cc489089e03a512 schema:name pubmed_id
103 schema:value 30816149
104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
105 N5203d05987e24e6aa090e78eebb55237 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37
106 schema:familyName Adlassnig
107 schema:givenName Wolfram
108 rdf:type schema:Person
109 N548d790d769146449ac270aef3b4e042 rdf:first Ne396541ef0f24c3282571dca8e1697bf
110 rdf:rest Nde93ff5c2be64283bf86b5c473211832
111 N564a28dbe8034a5b8c5b8b50ffaf255a rdf:first N3ad667f2e2f6403ca6d06a1c79cc5f46
112 rdf:rest Nfaf5f8b61ffc4af7ad4304325f0ca4ab
113 N58089aafc2ca46569348596c1c8b8302 rdf:first Ne77fae3673854b4da5cfb06713485789
114 rdf:rest rdf:nil
115 N5cde363601484a4683e668879a1accea schema:name nlm_unique_id
116 schema:value 101563288
117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
118 N632dea8836444a2cb79f48bf6f8d69c6 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
119 rdf:type schema:Organization
120 N6363335169be4109bb29c52fa6a3a3c0 rdf:first Ne5a11a078e43404da7d6504eeb50d880
121 rdf:rest N58089aafc2ca46569348596c1c8b8302
122 N7def0c4e848042cba1ad24a2420666ec rdf:first Nd4ca1e9d42dc412f98a3de8897fdc93f
123 rdf:rest N548d790d769146449ac270aef3b4e042
124 N888db7ef84c24b9a943165a9058b2365 schema:name dimensions_id
125 schema:value pub.1112433565
126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
127 N8c29b97e8b044fafbb864d6829e5a532 schema:name doi
128 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1
129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
130 Na3d85f9b59f04f5d869e6ba0621eb13f schema:name Spellbound Cave, Waitomo, New Zealand
131 rdf:type schema:Organization
132 Nb1eedc3be83a422f9814ea8071e92d69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2
133 schema:familyName Dimartino
134 schema:givenName Simone
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 Nb51ea6a5ca7e4c59b330f90e4b4088fa schema:name readcube_id
137 schema:value 13ac42bcebc40038f91d12b498c3763cca97f9b9f4bb01e487a3a0ceb2e68e4b
138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
139 Nb8f1cb0030df466ebb9d05d7a95bdc91 schema:volumeNumber 9
140 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
141 Nbb309c2e495b474ca1d7c2dc0afce8ea rdf:first N5203d05987e24e6aa090e78eebb55237
142 rdf:rest N7def0c4e848042cba1ad24a2420666ec
143 Nc3259d5c7eb04081bd168dcc29a86610 rdf:first N3fe14ec7d4d44dacad49fc53be71ce25
144 rdf:rest N564a28dbe8034a5b8c5b8b50ffaf255a
145 Nd4ca1e9d42dc412f98a3de8897fdc93f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452405.2
146 schema:familyName Stringer
147 schema:givenName Ian
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 Nde93ff5c2be64283bf86b5c473211832 rdf:first N0f73288574d24ef89422df3d9dcc5c4e
150 rdf:rest N1a28646f56e743e88695163f91dee6b0
151 Ne396541ef0f24c3282571dca8e1697bf schema:affiliation Nf4595f827b184202be868150538e446e
152 schema:familyName Meyer-Rochow
153 schema:givenName Victor Benno
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 Ne5a11a078e43404da7d6504eeb50d880 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5329.d
156 schema:familyName Marchetti-Deschmann
157 schema:givenName Martina
158 rdf:type schema:Person
159 Ne77fae3673854b4da5cfb06713485789 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c
160 schema:familyName Gorb
161 schema:givenName Stanislav
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 Ne9546309bac74cc888848fb1db8e02fe schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5329.d
164 schema:familyName Dorrer
165 schema:givenName Victoria
166 rdf:type schema:Person
167 Nf4595f827b184202be868150538e446e schema:name Hachijojima: Research Institute of Luminous Organisms, Tokyo, Japan
168 rdf:type schema:Organization
169 Nfaf5f8b61ffc4af7ad4304325f0ca4ab rdf:first N41c7521475864785bca3e9086c8cb0bd
170 rdf:rest Nbb309c2e495b474ca1d7c2dc0afce8ea
171 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
172 schema:name Engineering
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
175 schema:name Materials Engineering
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 sg:grant.6208498 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-39098-1
178 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
179 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
180 schema:name Scientific Reports
181 rdf:type schema:Periodical
182 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-0286-2_8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033059597
183 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-0286-2_8
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-014-1196-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037122326
186 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-014-1196-9
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040055610
189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-010-0533-3
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 sg:pub.10.1038/345526a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008227816
192 https://doi.org/10.1038/345526a0
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1038/35069000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002204737
195 https://doi.org/10.1038/35069000
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046077877
198 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1019
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat858 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021244225
201 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat858
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031612593
204 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00041
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074550420 schema:CreativeWork
207 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083155453 schema:CreativeWork
208 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083296506 schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1002/bio.955 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233611
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1002/bip.1981.360200611 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039584831
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1790(79)90028-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991229
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2015.05.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007345729
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2006.09.050 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035898864
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.04.037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035440354
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2008.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051491801
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0141-8130(98)00076-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025567118
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-4838(99)00088-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020239216
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1389-0352(00)00006-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028223074
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04832 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085322046
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1021/bm301199d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055222610
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00222.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004869623
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m006897200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021762259
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1080/00222932408633104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027117371
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.1984.10421739 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006298935
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/8/13/005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030161788
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2391 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030492838
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2001.1022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006677370
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1999.tb01190.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023200199
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7410.2001.tb00121.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002982976
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1976.tb06823.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011104557
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12562 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103815423
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.42.1.231 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021079738
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.1994.266.3.r1016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082679721
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730410391947 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032162949
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.014217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013978135
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02327 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015888683
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02682 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008629828
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.030064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007039363
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.036947 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042073281
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.055996 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051847330
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.084822 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036043075
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.097816 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029458796
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.148080 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084256566
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030408 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043465225
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162687 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045468538
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1636/0161-8202(2002)030[0494:etsoia]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068164841
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1636/m15-78.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030367489
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.2307/3495919 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070344426
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1003.2 schema:alternateName University of Queensland
290 schema:name The University of Queensland, Faculty of Science, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
291 rdf:type schema:Organization
292 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37 schema:alternateName University of Vienna
293 schema:name Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Experimental and Clinical Traumatology, Austrian Cluster for Tissue Regeneration, Vienna, Austria
294 University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Science, Core Facility Cell Imaging & Ultrastructure Research, Vienna, Austria
295 rdf:type schema:Organization
296 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4305.2 schema:alternateName University of Edinburgh
297 schema:name The University of Edinburgh, School of Engineering, Institute for Bioengineering, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
298 rdf:type schema:Organization
299 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452405.2 schema:alternateName Department of Conservation
300 schema:name Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand
301 rdf:type schema:Organization
302 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5329.d schema:alternateName TU Wien
303 schema:name Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna, Austria
304 rdf:type schema:Organization
305 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c schema:alternateName Kiel University
306 schema:name Kiel University, Zoological Institute, Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Kiel, Germany
307 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...