Megathrust earthquake drives drastic organic carbon supply to the hadal trench View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

A. Kioka, T. Schwestermann, J. Moernaut, K. Ikehara, T. Kanamatsu, C. M. McHugh, C. dos Santos Ferreira, G. Wiemer, N. Haghipour, A. J. Kopf, T. I. Eglinton, M. Strasser

ABSTRACT

The giant 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake has been inferred to remobilise fine-grained, young surface sediment enriched in organic matter from the slope into the >7 km deep Japan Trench. Yet, this hypothesis and assessment of its significance for the carbon cycle has been hindered by limited data density and resolution in the hadal zone. Here we combine new high-resolution bathymetry data with sub-bottom profiler images and sediment cores taken during 2012-2016 in order to map for the first time the spatial extent of the earthquake-triggered event deposit along the hadal Japan Trench. We quantify a sediment volume of ~0.2 km3 deposited from spatially-widespread remobilisation of young surficial seafloor slope sediments triggered by the 2011 earthquake and its aftershock sequence. The mapped volume and organic carbon content in sediment cores encompassing the 2011 event reveals that this single tectonic event delivered >1 Tg of organic carbon to the hadal trench. This carbon supply is comparable to high carbon fluxes described for other Earth system processes, shedding new light on the impact of large earthquakes on long-term carbon cycling in the deep-sea. More... »

PAGES

1553

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111978518

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30733607


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38834-x'


 

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300 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410588.0 schema:alternateName Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
301 schema:name R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency of Marine Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Yokosuka, Japan
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303 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.466781.a schema:alternateName Geological Survey of Japan
304 schema:name Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan
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306 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5801.c schema:alternateName Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
307 schema:name Geological Institute, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
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310 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4 schema:alternateName University of Bremen
311 schema:name Institute of Geology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
312 MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
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