Mammoth ivory was the most suitable osseous raw material for the production of Late Pleistocene big game projectile points View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Sebastian J. Pfeifer, Wolfram L. Hartramph, Ralf-Dietrich Kahlke, Frank A. Müller

ABSTRACT

Late Pleistocene societies throughout the northern hemisphere used mammoth and mastodon ivory not only for art and adornment, but also for tools, in particular projectile points. A comparative analysis of the mechanical properties of tusk dentine from woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and African elephant (Loxodonta africana) reveals similar longitudinal stiffness values that are comparable to those of cervid antler compacta. The longitudinal bending strength and work of fracture of proboscidean ivory are very high owing to its substantial collagen content and specific microstructure. In permafrost, these properties can be fully retained for thousands of years. Owing to the unique combination of stiffness, toughness and size, ivory was obviously the most suitable osseous raw material for massive projectile points used in big game hunting. More... »

PAGES

2303

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38779-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38779-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112224407

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30783179


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