DNA demethylation is associated with malignant progression of lower-grade gliomas View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02-13

AUTHORS

Masashi Nomura, Kuniaki Saito, Koki Aihara, Genta Nagae, Shogo Yamamoto, Kenji Tatsuno, Hiroki Ueda, Shiro Fukuda, Takayoshi Umeda, Shota Tanaka, Shunsaku Takayanagi, Ryohei Otani, Takahide Nejo, Taijun Hana, Satoshi Takahashi, Yosuke Kitagawa, Mayu Omata, Fumi Higuchi, Taishi Nakamura, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Yoshitaka Narita, Motoo Nagane, Ryo Nishikawa, Keisuke Ueki, Nobuhito Saito, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Akitake Mukasa

ABSTRACT

To elucidate the mechanisms of malignant progression of lower-grade glioma, molecular profiling using methylation array, whole-exome sequencing, and RNA sequencing was performed for 122, 36 and 31 gliomas, respectively. This cohort included 24 matched pairs of initial lower-grade gliomas and recurrent tumors, most of which showed malignant progression. Nearly half of IDH-mutant glioblastomas that had progressed from lower-grade gliomas exhibited characteristic partial DNA demethylation in previously methylated genomic regions of their corresponding initial tumors, which had the glioma CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP). In these glioblastomas, cell cycle-related genes, RB and PI3K-AKT pathway genes were frequently altered. Notably, late-replicating domain was significantly enriched in the demethylated regions that were mostly located in non-regulatory regions, suggesting that the loss of DNA methylation during malignant transformation may involve mainly passive demethylation due to a delay in maintenance of methylation during accelerated cell division. Nonetheless, a limited number of genes including IGF2BP3, which potentially drives cell proliferation, were presumed to be upregulated due to demethylation of their promoter. Our data indicated that demethylation of the G-CIMP profile found in a subset of recurrent gliomas reflects accelerated cell divisions accompanied by malignant transformation. Oncogenic genes activated by such epigenetic change represent potential therapeutic targets. More... »

PAGES

1903

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Scientific Reports

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    9

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-019-38510-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38510-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112087259

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30760837


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