Extreme Accelerations During Earthquakes Caused by Elastic Flapping Effect View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Hiroyuki Goto, Yoshihiro Kaneko, John Young, Hamish Avery, Len Damiano

ABSTRACT

Accurate recording of large, earthquake-induced ground shaking is critical for our understanding of earthquake physics as well as seismic hazard assessment. Extremely large accelerations with the peak value of 3.2 times the gravity acceleration were recorded at seismic station WTMC located in northern South Island of New Zealand during the recent magnitude 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake. However, the mechanisms responsible for the generation of such large accelerations are not well understood. Here we use numerical simulations to examine a range of physical models that can reproduce the observed characteristics of the acceleration record. We find that the record of the asymmetric, vertical accelerations, also observed during a magnitude 6.3 earthquake, can be explained by a flapping effect, that is, the local, elastic bouncing of a foundation slab on which the sensor is installed. Our results suggest that the extremely large accelerations recorded at seismic station WTMC do not reflect the actual ground shaking, but were caused by a local, system response around the sensor. Our finding has important implications for both the evaluation of future seismic hazard based on the waveform records of the Kaikoura earthquake and the installation methodology of strong-motion seismometers in all earthquake prone countries. More... »

PAGES

1117

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37716-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37716-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111918373

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30718810


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