Sonic hedgehog signaling is negatively regulated in reactive astrocytes after forebrain stab injury View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

R. Vivian Allahyari, K. Lyles Clark, Katherine A. Shepard, A. Denise R. Garcia

ABSTRACT

Following injury to the central nervous system, astrocytes perform critical and complex functions that both promote and antagonize neural repair. Understanding the molecular signaling pathways that coordinate their diverse functional properties is key to developing effective therapeutic strategies. In the healthy, adult CNS, Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling is active in mature, differentiated astrocytes. Shh has been shown to undergo injury-induced upregulation and promote neural repair. Here, we investigated whether Shh signaling mediates astrocyte response to injury. Surprisingly, we found that following an acute, focal injury, reactive astrocytes exhibit a pronounced reduction in Shh activity in a spatiotemporally-defined manner. Shh signaling is lost in reactive astrocytes at the lesion site, but persists in mild to moderately reactive astrocytes in distal tissues. Nevertheless, local pharmacological activation of the Shh pathway in astrocytes mitigates inflammation, consistent with a neuroprotective role for Shh signaling after injury. Interestingly, we find that Shh signaling is restored to baseline levels two weeks after injury, a time during which acute inflammation has largely subsided and lesions have matured. Taken together, these data suggest that endogenous Shh signaling in astrocytes is dynamically regulated in a context dependent manner. In addition, exogenous activation of the Shh pathway promotes neuroprotection mediated by reactive astrocytes. More... »

PAGES

565

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37555-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37555-x

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30679745


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