Uncovering regional variability in disturbance trends between parks and greater park ecosystems across Canada (1985–2015) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Douglas K. Bolton, Nicholas C. Coops, Txomin Hermosilla, Michael A. Wulder, Joanne C. White, Colin J. Ferster

ABSTRACT

We assess the protective function of Canada's parks and protected areas (PPAs) by analyzing three decades of stand-replacing disturbance derived from Landsat time series data (1985-2015). Specifically, we compared rates of wildfire and harvest within 1,415 PPAs against rates of disturbance in surrounding greater park ecosystems (GPEs). We found that disturbance rates in GPEs were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in corresponding PPAs in southern managed forests (six of Canada's 12 forested ecozones). Higher disturbance rates in GPEs were attributed to harvesting activities, as the area impacted by wildfire was not significantly different between GPEs and PPAs in any ecozone. The area burned within PPAs and corresponding GPEs was highly correlated (r = 0.90), whereas the area harvested was weakly correlated (r = 0.19). The average area burned in PPAs/GPEs below 55° N was low (0.05% yr-1) largely due to fire suppression aimed at protecting communities, timber, and recreational values, while the average burn rate was higher in northern PPAs/GPEs where fire suppression is uncommon (0.40% yr-1 in PPAs/GPEs above 55° N). Assessing regional variability in disturbance patterns and the pressures faced by PPAs can better inform policy and protection goals across Canada and the globe. More... »

PAGES

1323

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37265-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37265-4

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111914909

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30718619


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