Human pluripotent stem cell-derived alveolar epithelial cells are alternatives for in vitro pulmotoxicity assessment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Hye-Ryeon Heo, Jeeyoung Kim, Woo Jin Kim, Se-Ran Yang, Seon-Sook Han, Seong Joon Lee, Yoonki Hong, Seok-Ho Hong

ABSTRACT

Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) provide new opportunities for understanding lung development and the treatment of pulmonary diseases. However, toxicity assessments using hPSC-AECs have not been undertaken. In this study, we generated functional AECs from hPSCs and evaluated their inflammatory and apoptotic responses to cadmium (Cd) exposure (1, 5, and 10 μM) for 24 h compared with the human bronchial epithelial cell line (BEAS-2B) and primary AECs as controls. Our data showed that Cd (10 μM) treatment induced substantial inflammatory responses and apoptosis in BEAS-2B cells, but not in both hPSC-AECs and primary AECs. Interestingly, conditioned medium from AEC cultures significantly alleviated apoptotic and inflammatory responses to Cd exposure in BEAS-2B cells. Using cytokine arrays, several potential factors secreted from hPSC-AECs and primary AECs were detected and may be involved in reducing Cd-induced cytotoxicity. We also observed higher expression of surfactant proteins B and C in both hPSC-AECs and primary AECs, which may contribute to protection against Cd-induced cytotoxicity. These results suggested that hPSC-AECs phenotypically and functionally resemble primary AECs and could be more biologically relevant alternatives for evaluating the pathological contribution of confirmed or potential pulmotoxic materials included in smoking and microdust. More... »

PAGES

505

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111637139

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30679658


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37193-3'


 

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