Infant dietary patterns and early childhood caries in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Shijia Hu, Yu Fan Sim, Jia Ying Toh, Seang Mei Saw, Keith M. Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok Hian Tan, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu

ABSTRACT

Dental caries, although preventable, remains one of the most prevalent chronic disease worldwide. Most studies focused on the relationship between sugar intake and caries. However, examining multidimensional dietary patterns is becoming increasingly important. Here, we examined the relationship between dietary patterns from ages 6 to 12 months and early childhood caries (ECC) at age 2 to 3-years. Infant dietary data was collected from caregivers and dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months derived. Oral examinations were carried out by trained calibrated dentists at ages 2 and 3 years. Associations between dietary pattern and ECC were estimated using generalized estimating equation. We found a 3.9 fold lower prevalence of decayed surfaces among children with high Guidelines dietary pattern scores at 6-months (IRR 0.26; CI [0.12-0.53]; p-value < 0.001) and 100% reduction of decayed surfaces with increased intakes of Guidelines dietary pattern foods from 6 to 12-month (IRR 2.4 × 10-4; CI [4.2 × 10-7-0.13]; p-value = 0.01). Suggesting that following the Guideline dietary pattern, which corresponds most closely to current World Health Organization weaning guidelines, at 6 months and an increase in pattern score between 6 and 12 months were protective against ECC development compared to Predominantly breastmilk, Easy-to-prepare foods and Noodles (in soup) and seafood dietary patterns. More... »

PAGES

852

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-06. Infant feeding patterns over the first year of life: influence of family characteristics in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2012-06. Associations between dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age and sociodemographic factors in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2006-12. Dietary patterns in the Southampton Women's Survey in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-37183-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37183-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111765514

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30696871


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