Evaluation of selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) congeners and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in fresh root and leafy vegetables using GC-MS View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Olatunde S. Olatunji

ABSTRACT

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are dangerous and toxic pollutants that may cause adverse effects on human and animal health, including death. POPs such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pesticides are subtly released into the environment from industrial and agricultural use. Global circulation is due to their trans-boundary transport capacity, contingent on aerodynamic and hydrological properties. Plants have capacity to take-up POPs, and these bio-magnify along heterotrophic transfer pathways. In this study, levels of selected 6-PCB congeners and 3- DDTs in some leaf and root vegetables were investigated. Leaf and root vegetables were collected from different horticultural farms areas in Cape Town. The 6-PCBs and 3-DDTs were recovered from the samples using solid phase extraction(SPE), followed by GC-MS analysis. The ΣPCBs and ΣDDT (on-whole basis), were ranged: 90.9-234 ng/g and 38.9-66.1 ng/g respectively. The 3-PCBs and 6-DDTs levels were slightly higher in leaf vegetables compared to root vegetables. The detection of PCBs and DDTs in the vegetables suggest the probable use of PCBs containing pesticides. Although the observed concentrations were below the WHO maximum residue limits, consumption of such contaminated leaf and root vegetables portend a health risk. More... »

PAGES

538

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36996-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36996-8

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30679595


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46 schema:description Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are dangerous and toxic pollutants that may cause adverse effects on human and animal health, including death. POPs such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pesticides are subtly released into the environment from industrial and agricultural use. Global circulation is due to their trans-boundary transport capacity, contingent on aerodynamic and hydrological properties. Plants have capacity to take-up POPs, and these bio-magnify along heterotrophic transfer pathways. In this study, levels of selected 6-PCB congeners and 3- DDTs in some leaf and root vegetables were investigated. Leaf and root vegetables were collected from different horticultural farms areas in Cape Town. The 6-PCBs and 3-DDTs were recovered from the samples using solid phase extraction(SPE), followed by GC-MS analysis. The ΣPCBs and ΣDDT (on-whole basis), were ranged: 90.9-234 ng/g and 38.9-66.1 ng/g respectively. The 3-PCBs and 6-DDTs levels were slightly higher in leaf vegetables compared to root vegetables. The detection of PCBs and DDTs in the vegetables suggest the probable use of PCBs containing pesticides. Although the observed concentrations were below the WHO maximum residue limits, consumption of such contaminated leaf and root vegetables portend a health risk.
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