Chronic olanzapine administration causes metabolic syndrome through inflammatory cytokines in rodent models of insulin resistance View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Huqun Li, Shiyong Peng, Shihong Li, Shouqing Liu, Yifan Lv, Ni Yang, Liangyu Yu, Ya-Hui Deng, Zhongjian Zhang, Maosheng Fang, Yunxiang Huo, Ying Chen, Taohua Sun, Weiyong Li

ABSTRACT

Olanzapine is a second-generation anti-psychotic drug used to prevent neuroinflammation in patients with schizophrenia. However, the long-term administration of olanzapine leads to insulin resistance (IR); the mechanisms of this effect remains poorly understood. Using cellular and rodent models of IR induced by olanzapine, we found that chronic olanzapine treatment induces differential inflammatory cytokine reactions in peripheral adipose and the central nervous system. Long-term treatment of olanzapine caused metabolic symptoms, including IR, by markedly elevating the plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8 and TNFα; these findings are consistent with observations from schizophrenia patients chronically treated with olanzapine. Our observations of differential inflammatory cytokine responses in white adipose tissues from the prefrontal cortex in the brain indicated cell type-specific effects of the drug. These cytokines induced IR by activating NF-kB through the suppression of IkBα. Functional blockade of the components p50/p65 of NF-kB rescued olanzapine-induced IR in NIH-3T3 L1-derived adipocytes. Our findings demonstrate that olanzapine induces inflammatory cytokine reactions in peripheral tissues without adversely affecting the central nervous system and suggest that chronic olanzapine treatment of schizophrenia patients may cause inflammation-mediated IR with minimal or no adverse effects in the brain. More... »

PAGES

1582

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36930-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36930-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111977189

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30733507


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    "description": "Olanzapine is a second-generation anti-psychotic drug used to prevent neuroinflammation in patients with schizophrenia. However, the long-term administration of olanzapine leads to insulin resistance (IR); the mechanisms of this effect remains poorly understood. Using cellular and rodent models of IR induced by olanzapine, we found that chronic olanzapine treatment induces differential inflammatory cytokine reactions in peripheral adipose and the central nervous system. Long-term treatment of olanzapine caused metabolic symptoms, including IR, by markedly elevating the plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1\u00df, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF\u03b1; these findings are consistent with observations from schizophrenia patients chronically treated with olanzapine. Our observations of differential inflammatory cytokine responses in white adipose tissues from the prefrontal cortex in the brain indicated cell type-specific effects of the drug. These cytokines induced IR by activating NF-kB through the suppression of IkB\u03b1. Functional blockade of the components p50/p65 of NF-kB rescued olanzapine-induced IR in NIH-3T3 L1-derived adipocytes. Our findings demonstrate that olanzapine induces inflammatory cytokine reactions in peripheral tissues without adversely affecting the central nervous system and suggest that chronic olanzapine treatment of schizophrenia patients may cause inflammation-mediated IR with minimal or no adverse effects in the brain.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

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