Early exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields at 1850 MHz affects auditory circuits in early postnatal mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Ju Hwan Kim, Yang Hoon Huh, Jae-Hun Lee, Jae Yun Jung, Seung Cheol Ahn, Hak Rim Kim

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we measured the spontaneous post synaptic currents (sPSCs) at the post synaptic principle cells of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) in early postnatal mice after exposure to 1850 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). sPSC frequencies and amplitudes were significantly increased in the RF-EMF exposed group. Moreover, the number of synaptic vesicles in the calyx of Held was significantly increased in presynaptic nerve terminals. Following RF-EMF exposure, the number of docking synaptic vesicles in the active zone increased, thereby expanding the total length of the presynaptic active zone in the calyx of Held. These data suggest that the increased sPSCs are a result of greater synaptic vesicle release from presynaptic nerves. However, we found no morphological changes in the inner hair cell ribbon synapses. Further, there were no significant changes in the hearing threshold of the auditory brainstem response at postnatal day 15. Our results indicate that exposure to RF-EMF at an early postnatal stage might directly affect brainstem auditory circuits, but it does not seem to alter general sound perception. More... »

PAGES

377

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111632518

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30674958


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1109", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Neurosciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Dankook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Ju Hwan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Korea Basic Science Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410885.0", 
              "name": [
                "Electron Microscopy Research Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Ochang, Chungbuk, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Huh", 
            "givenName": "Yang Hoon", 
            "id": "sg:person.011204271657.15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011204271657.15"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Dankook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lee", 
            "givenName": "Jae-Hun", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Dankook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jung", 
            "givenName": "Jae Yun", 
            "id": "sg:person.0666172110.92", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0666172110.92"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Dankook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ahn", 
            "givenName": "Seung Cheol", 
            "id": "sg:person.015162014072.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015162014072.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Dankook University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Hak Rim", 
            "id": "sg:person.0643435522.27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643435522.27"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.12.129", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004409752"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.26.041002.131412", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008089791"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2015.00035", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011356101"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep05103", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018341409", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05103"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.06.012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021739266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.21146", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022586388"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10072-012-0970-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026082852", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-012-0970-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep21774", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026775701", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep21774"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150923", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033050835"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03568", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043012383", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03568", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043012383", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03568", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043012383", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep00312", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046011964", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00312"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrn2924", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046528733", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2924"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrn2924", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046528733", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2924"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2008.08.019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050277110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051766789"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms15045366", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052670201"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep41129", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053830828", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep41129"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2017.21.2.179", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084455976"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1704470114", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085992287"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186416", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092274366"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233717740066", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092915002"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233717740066", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092915002"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.30241", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100393888"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103926321"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
        "description": "In the present study, we measured the spontaneous post synaptic currents (sPSCs) at the post synaptic principle cells of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) in early postnatal mice after exposure to 1850\u2009MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). sPSC frequencies and amplitudes were significantly increased in the RF-EMF exposed group. Moreover, the number of synaptic vesicles in the calyx of Held was significantly increased in presynaptic nerve terminals. Following RF-EMF exposure, the number of docking synaptic vesicles in the active zone increased, thereby expanding the total length of the presynaptic active zone in the calyx of Held. These data suggest that the increased sPSCs are a result of greater synaptic vesicle release from presynaptic nerves. However, we found no morphological changes in the inner hair cell ribbon synapses. Further, there were no significant changes in the hearing threshold of the auditory brainstem response at postnatal day 15. Our results indicate that exposure to RF-EMF at an early postnatal stage might directly affect brainstem auditory circuits, but it does not seem to alter general sound perception.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.7477198", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
            "issn": [
              "2045-2322"
            ], 
            "name": "Scientific Reports", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "9"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Early exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields at 1850 MHz affects auditory circuits in early postnatal mice", 
        "pagination": "377", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "e084c4ccc25c9ad706d4496a7ab4c6dafaab79a0353235283f7dcf90a75f1663"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30674958"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101563288"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1111632518"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111632518"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:58", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000326_0000000326/records_68444_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-36868-1"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    181 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      51 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1109
    3 schema:author N8618a3e2dfd8400596823f472192d6b9
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10072-012-0970-8
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03568
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/nrn2924
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00312
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/srep05103
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/srep21774
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/srep41129
    11 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.21146
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.12.129
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.026
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2008.08.019
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.06.012
    17 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1704470114
    18 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.26.041002.131412
    19 https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233717740066
    20 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150923
    21 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186416
    22 https://doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2015.00035
    23 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms15045366
    24 https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2017.21.2.179
    25 https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.30241
    26 schema:datePublished 2019-12
    27 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
    28 schema:description In the present study, we measured the spontaneous post synaptic currents (sPSCs) at the post synaptic principle cells of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) in early postnatal mice after exposure to 1850 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). sPSC frequencies and amplitudes were significantly increased in the RF-EMF exposed group. Moreover, the number of synaptic vesicles in the calyx of Held was significantly increased in presynaptic nerve terminals. Following RF-EMF exposure, the number of docking synaptic vesicles in the active zone increased, thereby expanding the total length of the presynaptic active zone in the calyx of Held. These data suggest that the increased sPSCs are a result of greater synaptic vesicle release from presynaptic nerves. However, we found no morphological changes in the inner hair cell ribbon synapses. Further, there were no significant changes in the hearing threshold of the auditory brainstem response at postnatal day 15. Our results indicate that exposure to RF-EMF at an early postnatal stage might directly affect brainstem auditory circuits, but it does not seem to alter general sound perception.
    29 schema:genre research_article
    30 schema:inLanguage en
    31 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    32 schema:isPartOf N05cb295d0a3c4f3e945c373525171d1b
    33 N6acda1b2cc9a44c9807b932db3e29545
    34 sg:journal.1045337
    35 schema:name Early exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields at 1850 MHz affects auditory circuits in early postnatal mice
    36 schema:pagination 377
    37 schema:productId N03ae5861f4004a05b502d5e9c0644d75
    38 N91fc6cee0e704be287a9b301a65d1709
    39 N939f1dde050b40568ba38a9fc0389467
    40 Nab1764ea91784611a97f0f1684825b96
    41 Ne34f474a7b5d47c696f54dbf6c690ac8
    42 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111632518
    43 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1
    44 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:58
    45 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    46 schema:sdPublisher N786ce37ae1d644c4a8631aa2a0c99632
    47 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-36868-1
    48 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    49 sgo:sdDataset articles
    50 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    51 N03ae5861f4004a05b502d5e9c0644d75 schema:name pubmed_id
    52 schema:value 30674958
    53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    54 N05cb295d0a3c4f3e945c373525171d1b schema:volumeNumber 9
    55 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    56 N2a62a5cface948318d690e429ab6167e rdf:first sg:person.011204271657.15
    57 rdf:rest N8e83afcc82d3445d9add2a3cab331a65
    58 N3fa35f6047e84703acf042f3070422f5 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7
    59 schema:familyName Kim
    60 schema:givenName Ju Hwan
    61 rdf:type schema:Person
    62 N6acda1b2cc9a44c9807b932db3e29545 schema:issueNumber 1
    63 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    64 N786ce37ae1d644c4a8631aa2a0c99632 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    65 rdf:type schema:Organization
    66 N8618a3e2dfd8400596823f472192d6b9 rdf:first N3fa35f6047e84703acf042f3070422f5
    67 rdf:rest N2a62a5cface948318d690e429ab6167e
    68 N8aa5ac14d800433ab6c957eeba844639 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7
    69 schema:familyName Lee
    70 schema:givenName Jae-Hun
    71 rdf:type schema:Person
    72 N8bd235bf1fc24d75b544a63a1ef776d4 rdf:first sg:person.0643435522.27
    73 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    74 N8e83afcc82d3445d9add2a3cab331a65 rdf:first N8aa5ac14d800433ab6c957eeba844639
    75 rdf:rest Na46953b7711a4a23b9cbb1d06d32286c
    76 N91fc6cee0e704be287a9b301a65d1709 schema:name dimensions_id
    77 schema:value pub.1111632518
    78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    79 N939f1dde050b40568ba38a9fc0389467 schema:name doi
    80 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1
    81 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    82 Na46953b7711a4a23b9cbb1d06d32286c rdf:first sg:person.0666172110.92
    83 rdf:rest Nb548202f6d5144ffa12226f8a7cb1c7b
    84 Nab1764ea91784611a97f0f1684825b96 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    85 schema:value 101563288
    86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    87 Nb548202f6d5144ffa12226f8a7cb1c7b rdf:first sg:person.015162014072.50
    88 rdf:rest N8bd235bf1fc24d75b544a63a1ef776d4
    89 Ne34f474a7b5d47c696f54dbf6c690ac8 schema:name readcube_id
    90 schema:value e084c4ccc25c9ad706d4496a7ab4c6dafaab79a0353235283f7dcf90a75f1663
    91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    92 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    93 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    95 anzsrc-for:1109 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    96 schema:name Neurosciences
    97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    98 sg:grant.7477198 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36868-1
    99 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    100 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
    101 schema:name Scientific Reports
    102 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    103 sg:person.011204271657.15 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410885.0
    104 schema:familyName Huh
    105 schema:givenName Yang Hoon
    106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011204271657.15
    107 rdf:type schema:Person
    108 sg:person.015162014072.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7
    109 schema:familyName Ahn
    110 schema:givenName Seung Cheol
    111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015162014072.50
    112 rdf:type schema:Person
    113 sg:person.0643435522.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7
    114 schema:familyName Kim
    115 schema:givenName Hak Rim
    116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643435522.27
    117 rdf:type schema:Person
    118 sg:person.0666172110.92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7
    119 schema:familyName Jung
    120 schema:givenName Jae Yun
    121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0666172110.92
    122 rdf:type schema:Person
    123 sg:pub.10.1007/s10072-012-0970-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026082852
    124 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-012-0970-8
    125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    126 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03568 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043012383
    127 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03568
    128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    129 sg:pub.10.1038/nrn2924 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046528733
    130 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2924
    131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    132 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00312 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046011964
    133 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00312
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 sg:pub.10.1038/srep05103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018341409
    136 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05103
    137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    138 sg:pub.10.1038/srep21774 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026775701
    139 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep21774
    140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    141 sg:pub.10.1038/srep41129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053830828
    142 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep41129
    143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    144 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.21146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022586388
    145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    146 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.12.129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004409752
    147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    148 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051766789
    149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    150 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103926321
    151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    152 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2008.08.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050277110
    153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    154 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.06.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021739266
    155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    156 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1704470114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085992287
    157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    158 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.26.041002.131412 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008089791
    159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    160 https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233717740066 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092915002
    161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    162 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150923 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033050835
    163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    164 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186416 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092274366
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 https://doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2015.00035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011356101
    167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    168 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms15045366 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052670201
    169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    170 https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2017.21.2.179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084455976
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.30241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100393888
    173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    174 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410885.0 schema:alternateName Korea Basic Science Institute
    175 schema:name Electron Microscopy Research Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Ochang, Chungbuk, South Korea
    176 rdf:type schema:Organization
    177 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7 schema:alternateName Dankook University
    178 schema:name Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea
    179 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea
    180 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, South Korea
    181 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...