The brittle-ductile transition in active volcanoes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Francesco Parisio, Sergio Vinciguerra, Olaf Kolditz, Thomas Nagel

ABSTRACT

Contrasting deformation mechanisms precede volcanic eruptions and control precursory signals. Density increase and high uplifts consistent with magma intrusion and pressurization are in contrast with dilatant responses and reduced surface uplifts observed before eruptions. We investigate the impact that the rheology of rocks constituting the volcanic edifice has on the deformation mechanisms preceding eruptions. We propose a model for the pressure and temperature dependent brittle-ductile transition through which we build a strength profile of the shallow crust in two idealized volcanic settings (igneous and sedimentary basement). We have performed finite element analyses in coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical conditions to investigate the influence of static diking on the local brittle-ductile transition. Our results show that in active volcanoes: (i) dilatancy is an appropriate indicator for the brittle-ductile transition; (ii) the predicted depth of the brittle-ductile transition agrees with the observed attenuated seismicity; (iii) seismicity associated with diking is likely to be affected by ductile deformation mode caused by the local temperature increase; (iv) if failure occurs within the edifice, it is likely to be brittle-dilatant with strength and stiffness reduction that blocks stress transfers within the volcanic edifice, ultimately damping surface uplifts. More... »

PAGES

143

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111333456

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30644429


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    "description": "Contrasting deformation mechanisms precede volcanic eruptions and control precursory signals. Density increase and high uplifts consistent with magma intrusion and pressurization are in contrast with dilatant responses and reduced surface uplifts observed before eruptions. We investigate the impact that the rheology of rocks constituting the volcanic edifice has on the deformation mechanisms preceding eruptions. We propose a model for the pressure and temperature dependent brittle-ductile transition through which we build a strength profile of the shallow crust in two idealized volcanic settings (igneous and sedimentary basement). We have performed finite element analyses in coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical conditions to investigate the influence of static diking on the local brittle-ductile transition. Our results show that in active volcanoes: (i) dilatancy is an appropriate indicator for the brittle-ductile transition; (ii) the predicted depth of the brittle-ductile transition agrees with the observed attenuated seismicity; (iii) seismicity associated with diking is likely to be affected by ductile deformation mode caused by the local temperature increase; (iv) if failure occurs within the edifice, it is likely to be brittle-dilatant with strength and stiffness reduction that blocks stress transfers within the volcanic edifice, ultimately damping surface uplifts.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36505-x'


 

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