Lipofuscin-mediated photodynamic stress induces adverse changes in nanomechanical properties of retinal pigment epithelium cells View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Anna Wiktor, Michal Sarna, Dawid Wnuk, Tadeusz Sarna

ABSTRACT

Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is an important part of the blood-retina barrier (BRB) that separates the retina from the choroid. Although melanin granules contribute to the mechanical stability of the BRB complex, it is unknown if the age pigment lipofuscin affects mechanical properties of the tissue. To address this issue the effect of sub-lethal photic stress mediated by phagocytized lipofuscin granules, isolated from RPE of human donors, on morphology and mechanical properties of ARPE-19 cells was investigated. Nanomechanical analysis using atomic force spectroscopy revealed that irradiation of cells containing lipofuscin granules with blue light induced significant softening of the cells, which was accompanied by substantial reorganization of the cell cytoskeleton due to peroxidation of cellular proteins. Our results indicate that lipofuscin-mediated photic stress can cause significant modification of the RPE cells with the potential to disturb biological function of the BRB complex. More... »

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17929

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Scientific Reports

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1

VOLUME

8

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-36322-2

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36322-2

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