Variability in eukaryotic initiation factor iso4E in Brassica rapa influences interactions with the viral protein linked to the genome of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-09-11

AUTHORS

Guoliang Li, Wei Qian, Shujiang Zhang, Shifan Zhang, Fei Li, Hui Zhang, Zhiyuan Fang, Jian Wu, Xiaowu Wang, Rifei Sun

ABSTRACT

Plant potyviruses require eukaryotic translation initiation factors (eIFs) such as eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E to replicate and spread. When Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) infects a host plant, its viral protein linked to the genome (VPg) needs to interact with eIF4E or eIF(iso)4E to initiate translation. TuMV utilizes BraA.eIF4E.a, BraA.eIF4E.c, BraA.eIF(iso)4E.a, and BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c of Brassica rapa to initiate translation in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, the BraA.eIF4E.a, BraA.eIF4E.c, BraA.eIF(iso)4E.a, and BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c genes were cloned and sequenced from eight B. rapa lines, namely, two BraA.eIF4E.a alleles, four BraA.eIF4E.c alleles, four BraA.eIF(iso)4E.a alleles, and two BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c alleles. Yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) analyses indicated that TuMV VPg could not interact with eIF4E, but only with eIF(iso)4E of B. rapa. In addition, the VPgs of the different TuMV isolates interacted with various eIF(iso)4E copies in B. rapa. In particular, TuMV-UK1/CDN1 VPg only interacted with BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c, not with BraA.eIF(iso)4E.a. Some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified that may have affected the interaction between eIF(iso)4E and VPg such as the SNP T106C in BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c and the SNP A154C in VPg. Furthermore, a three-dimensional structural model of the BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c-1 protein was constructed to identify the specific conformation of the variable amino acids from BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c. The 36th amino acid in BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c is highly conserved and may play an important role in establishing protein structural stability. The findings of the present study may lay the foundation for future investigations on the co-evolution of TuMV and eIF(iso)4E. More... »

PAGES

13588

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-31739-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31739-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106707855

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30206242


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