Regional disparities in warm season rainfall changes over arid eastern–central Asia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Wenhao Dong, Yanluan Lin, Jonathon S. Wright, Yuanyu Xie, Yi Ming, Han Zhang, Rensheng Chen, Yaning Chen, Fanghua Xu, Namei Lin, Chaoqing Yu, Bin Zhang, Shuang Jin, Kun Yang, Zhongqin Li, Jianping Guo, Lei Wang, Guanghui Lin

ABSTRACT

Multiple studies have reported a shift in the trend of warm season rainfall over arid eastern-central Asia (AECA) around the turn of the new century, from increasing over the second half of the twentieth century to decreasing during the early years of the twenty-first. Here, a closer look based on multiple precipitation datasets reveals important regional disparities in these changes. Warm-season rainfall increased over both basin areas and mountain ranges during 1961-1998 due to enhanced moisture flux convergence associated with changes in the large-scale circulation and increases in atmospheric moisture content. Despite a significant decrease in warm-season precipitation over the high mountain ranges after the year 1998, warm season rainfall has remained large over low-lying basin areas. This discrepancy, which is also reflected in changes in river flow, soil moisture, and vegetation, primarily results from disparate responses to enhanced warming in the mountain and basin areas of AECA. In addition to changes in the prevailing circulation and moisture transport patterns, the decrease in precipitation over the mountains has occurred mainly because increases in local water vapor saturation capacity (which scales with temperature) have outpaced the available moisture supply, reducing relative humidity and suppressing precipitation. By contrast, rainfall over basin areas has been maintained by accelerated moisture recycling driven by rapid glacier retreat, snow melt, and irrigation expansion. This trend is unsustainable and is likely to reverse as these cryospheric buffers disappear, with potentially catastrophic implications for local agriculture and ecology. More... »

PAGES

13051

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-31246-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31246-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106343702

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30158578


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