Selective Elimination of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Using Medium with High Concentration of L-Alanine View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Takunori Nagashima, Kazunori Shimizu, Ryo Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Honda

ABSTRACT

Human pluripotent stem cells, including human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), serve as highly valuable sources for both cell-based therapies and basic research, owing to their abilities to self-renew and differentiate into any cell type of the human body. However, tumorigenic risks of residual undifferentiated stem cells limit the clinical application of hiPSCs, necessitating methods to eliminate undifferentiated hiPSCs from differentiated cells. Here, we found that undifferentiated hiPSCs were more sensitive to the treatment with a medium supplemented with high concentration of L-alanine than human fibroblasts (hFBs), human skeletal muscle cells (hSkMCs), hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iCMs) or hiPSC-derived fibroblast-like cells (iFLCs), which were used as differentiated cells. Undifferentiated hiPSCs co-cultured with differentiated cells were selectively eliminated following treatment. In addition, we found that the medium supplemented with high concentration of D-alanine or β-alanine also induced cell death of hiPSCs and the treatment at 4 °C didn't induce cell death of hiPSCs. The cell death induced would be associated partly with high osmotic pressure of the medium supplemented with L-alanine. As L-alanine is a component of proteins in human body and popular ingredient of cell culture media, treatment with high concentration of L-alanine may be useful for eliminating tumorigenic residual hiPSCs for stem cell-based therapies. More... »

PAGES

12427

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

8

Author Affiliations

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-30936-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30936-2

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30127448


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