Greater Microbial Translocation and Vulnerability to Metabolic Disease in Healthy Aged Female Monkeys View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Quentin N. Wilson, Magan Wells, Ashley T. Davis, Christina Sherrill, Matthew C. B. Tsilimigras, Roshonda B. Jones, Anthony A. Fodor, Kylie Kavanagh

ABSTRACT

Monkeys demonstrate gastrointestinal barrier dysfunction (leaky gut) as evidenced by higher biomarkers of microbial translocation (MT) and inflammation with ageing despite equivalent health status, and lifelong diet and environmental conditions. We evaluated colonic structural, microbiomic and functional changes in old female vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabeus) and how age-related leaky gut alters responses to Western diet. We additionally assessed serum bovine immunoglobulin therapy to lower MT burden. MT was increased in old monkeys despite comparable histological appearance of the ascending colon. Microbiome profiles from 16S sequencing did not show large differences by age grouping, but there was evidence for higher mucosal bacterial loads using qPCR. Innate immune responses were increased in old monkeys consistent with higher MT burdens. Western diet challenge led to elevations in glycemic and hepatic biochemistry values only in old monkeys, and immunoglobulin therapy was not effective in reducing MT markers or improving metabolic health. We interpret these findings to suggest that ageing may lead to lower control over colonization at the mucosal surface, and reduced clearance of pathogens resulting in MT and inflammation. Leaky gut in ageing, which is not readily rescued by innate immune support with immunoglobulin, primes the liver for negative consequences of high fat, high sugar diets. More... »

PAGES

11373

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-29473-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29473-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105781381

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30054517


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