A novel extracellular vesicle-associated endodeoxyribonuclease helps Streptococcus pneumoniae evade neutrophil extracellular traps and is required for full virulence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Hina Jhelum, Hema Sori, Devinder Sehgal

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a major bacterial pathogen that causes pneumonia and septicemia in humans. Pneumococci are cleared from the host primarily by antibody dependent opsonophagocytosis by phagocytes like neutrophils. Neutrophils release neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) on contacting pneumococci. NETs immobilize pneumococci and restrict its dissemination in the host. One of the strategies utilized by pneumococci to evade the host immune response involves use of DNase(s) to degrade NETs. We screened the secretome of autolysin deficient S. pneumoniae to identify novel DNase(s). Zymogram analysis revealed 3 bands indicative of DNase activity. Mass spectrometric analysis led to the identification of TatD as a potential extracellular DNase. Recombinant TatD showed nucleotide sequence-independent endodeoxyribonuclease activity. TatD was associated with extracellular vesicles. Pneumococcal secretome degraded NETs from human neutrophils. Extracellular vesicle fraction from tatD deficient strain showed little NET degrading activity. Recombinant TatD efficiently degraded NETs. tatD deficient pneumococci showed lower bacterial load in lungs, blood and spleen in a murine sepsis model compared to wildtype strain, and showed less severe lung pathology and compromised virulence. This study provides insights into the role of a novel extracellular DNase in evasion of the innate immune system. More... »

PAGES

7985

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104018652

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29789571


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25865-z'


 

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