Molecular Epidemiology of the HIV Epidemic in Three German Metropolitan Regions – Cologne/Bonn, Munich and Hannover, 1999–2016 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Melanie Stecher, Antoine Chaillon, Josef Eberle, Georg M. N. Behrens, Anna-Maria Eis-Hübinger, Clara Lehmann, Alexandra Jablonka, Johannes Bogner, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Christoph D. Spinner, Jan-Christian Wasmuth, Rolf Kaiser, Sanjay R. Mehta, Joerg Janne Vehreschild, Martin Hoenigl

ABSTRACT

Using HIV sequence data to characterize clusters of HIV transmission may provide insight into the epidemic. Phylogenetic and network analyses were performed to infer putative relationships between HIV-1 partial pol sequences from 2,774 individuals receiving care in three German regions between 1999-2016. The regions have in common that they host some of the largest annual festivals in Europe (Carnival and Oktoberfest). Putative links with sequences (n = 150,396) from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence database were evaluated. A total of 595/2,774 (21.4%) sequences linked with at least one other sequence, forming 184 transmission clusters. Clustering individuals were significantly more likely to be younger, male, and report sex with men as their main risk factor (p < 0.001 each). Most clusters (77.2%) consisted exclusively of men; 41 (28.9%) of these included men reporting sex with women. Thirty-two clusters (17.4%) contained sequences from more than one region; clustering men were significantly more likely to be in a position bridging regional HIV epidemics than clustering women (p = 0.027). We found 236 clusters linking 547 sequences from our sample with sequences from the Los Alamos database (n = 1407; 31% from other German centres). These results highlight the pitfalls of focusing HIV prevention efforts on specific risk groups or specific locales. More... »

PAGES

6799

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103641024

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29717148


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University Hospital Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stecher", 
        "givenName": "Melanie", 
        "id": "sg:person.011504120515.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011504120515.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California, San Diego", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chaillon", 
        "givenName": "Antoine", 
        "id": "sg:person.0603151473.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0603151473.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Center for Infection Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2", 
          "name": [
            "Max von Pettenkofer Institute & Gene Center, Virology, National Reference Center for Retroviruses, Faculty of Medicine, LMU M\u00fcnchen, Munich, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Eberle", 
        "givenName": "Josef", 
        "id": "sg:person.0642212555.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642212555.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Center for Infection Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department for Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Hannover, Hannover, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Behrens", 
        "givenName": "Georg M. N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013644356557.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013644356557.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University Hospital Bonn", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15090.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Eis-H\u00fcbinger", 
        "givenName": "Anna-Maria", 
        "id": "sg:person.01256006045.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256006045.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "Centre for Molecular Medicine Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lehmann", 
        "givenName": "Clara", 
        "id": "sg:person.0763701617.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0763701617.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Center for Infection Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department for Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Hannover, Hannover, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jablonka", 
        "givenName": "Alexandra", 
        "id": "sg:person.01256755751.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256755751.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0", 
          "name": [
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany", 
            "Department for Infectious Diseases, Medical Clinic IV, Department of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bogner", 
        "givenName": "Johannes", 
        "id": "sg:person.015337466637.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015337466637.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University Hospital Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "F\u00e4tkenheuer", 
        "givenName": "Gerd", 
        "id": "sg:person.01004110612.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004110612.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University Munich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a", 
          "name": [
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany", 
            "Department of Medicine II, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Spinner", 
        "givenName": "Christoph D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01346100622.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346100622.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Department for Internal Medicine I, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wasmuth", 
        "givenName": "Jan-Christian", 
        "id": "sg:person.01174553111.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01174553111.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University Hospital Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Virology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kaiser", 
        "givenName": "Rolf", 
        "id": "sg:person.01233530500.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01233530500.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California, San Diego", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mehta", 
        "givenName": "Sanjay R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01225020514.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01225020514.99"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University Hospital Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vehreschild", 
        "givenName": "Joerg Janne", 
        "id": "sg:person.01042604627.76", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042604627.76"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Medical University of Graz", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11598.34", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA", 
            "Division of Pulmonology and Section of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hoenigl", 
        "givenName": "Martin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01111352213.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01111352213.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151478", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000812459"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151478", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000812459"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e328333ddee", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001957978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e328333ddee", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001957978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e328333ddee", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001957978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0000000000001308", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002252124"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0000000000001308", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002252124"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005045407", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005045407", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005045407", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000581", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005613156"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.07.024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005633386"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-968", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009774337", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-968"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-968", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009774337", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-968"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2010.00879.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011014665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2011.558645", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012171399"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098443", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012267364"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2016.05.041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012582172"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000888", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000888", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013029226", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-10-36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013403200", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-10-36"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013971244"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283388742", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017853931"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283388742", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017853931"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283388742", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017853931"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6054870", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020861448"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cis612", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022781511"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep32947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024091783", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32947"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068188", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677314"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep25927", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030590783", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep25927"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1071/sh06031", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035705387"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.03.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039602448"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283573244", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039738659"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283573244", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039738659"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040310210", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)16594-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042478681"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-6-49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046840975", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-49"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h5790", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049922424"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2014.0173", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059226847"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.00363-16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062712481"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075319579", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2807/esm.11.09.00645-en", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077316409"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078398140", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2807/ese.18.11.20426-en", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078707218"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082762864"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001354", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085465938"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-10286-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091665626", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10286-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
    "description": "Using HIV sequence data to characterize clusters of HIV transmission may provide insight into the epidemic. Phylogenetic and network analyses were performed to infer putative relationships between HIV-1 partial pol sequences from 2,774 individuals receiving care in three German regions between 1999-2016. The regions have in common that they host some of the largest annual festivals in Europe (Carnival and Oktoberfest). Putative links with sequences (n\u2009=\u2009150,396) from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence database were evaluated. A total of 595/2,774 (21.4%) sequences linked with at least one other sequence, forming 184 transmission clusters. Clustering individuals were significantly more likely to be younger, male, and report sex with men as their main risk factor (p\u2009<\u20090.001 each). Most clusters (77.2%) consisted exclusively of men; 41 (28.9%) of these included men reporting sex with women. Thirty-two clusters (17.4%) contained sequences from more than one region; clustering men were significantly more likely to be in a position bridging regional HIV epidemics than clustering women (p\u2009=\u20090.027). We found 236 clusters linking 547 sequences from our sample with sequences from the Los Alamos database (n\u2009=\u20091407; 31% from other German centres). These results highlight the pitfalls of focusing HIV prevention efforts on specific risk groups or specific locales.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.7552129", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2438697", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2623758", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2621098", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2440314", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3534947", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1045337", 
        "issn": [
          "2045-2322"
        ], 
        "name": "Scientific Reports", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "8"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Molecular Epidemiology of the HIV Epidemic in Three German Metropolitan Regions \u2013 Cologne/Bonn, Munich and Hannover, 1999\u20132016", 
    "pagination": "6799", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "99618ed327399d453526b07e4bf15d9a339acfcfa0de51fb086cc382ae11731f"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "29717148"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101563288"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1103641024"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103641024"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:24", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8660_00000604.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25004-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

329 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      66 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author N8a07e24c4b8f4775b25af8442926feee
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y
6 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-10286-1
7 sg:pub.10.1038/srep25927
8 sg:pub.10.1038/srep32947
9 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-968
10 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-10-36
11 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-6-49
12 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9
13 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075319579
14 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078398140
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.07.024
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.03.009
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2016.05.041
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)16594-x
19 https://doi.org/10.1071/sh06031
20 https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2011.558645
21 https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2014.0173
22 https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cis612
23 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040023
24 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0000000000001308
25 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e328333ddee
26 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283388742
27 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283573244
28 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000888
29 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001354
30 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2010.00879.x
31 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.00363-16
32 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h5790
33 https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6054870
34 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000581
35 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068188
36 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098443
37 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151478
38 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006000
39 https://doi.org/10.2807/ese.18.11.20426-en
40 https://doi.org/10.2807/esm.11.09.00645-en
41 schema:datePublished 2018-12
42 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
43 schema:description Using HIV sequence data to characterize clusters of HIV transmission may provide insight into the epidemic. Phylogenetic and network analyses were performed to infer putative relationships between HIV-1 partial pol sequences from 2,774 individuals receiving care in three German regions between 1999-2016. The regions have in common that they host some of the largest annual festivals in Europe (Carnival and Oktoberfest). Putative links with sequences (n = 150,396) from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence database were evaluated. A total of 595/2,774 (21.4%) sequences linked with at least one other sequence, forming 184 transmission clusters. Clustering individuals were significantly more likely to be younger, male, and report sex with men as their main risk factor (p < 0.001 each). Most clusters (77.2%) consisted exclusively of men; 41 (28.9%) of these included men reporting sex with women. Thirty-two clusters (17.4%) contained sequences from more than one region; clustering men were significantly more likely to be in a position bridging regional HIV epidemics than clustering women (p = 0.027). We found 236 clusters linking 547 sequences from our sample with sequences from the Los Alamos database (n = 1407; 31% from other German centres). These results highlight the pitfalls of focusing HIV prevention efforts on specific risk groups or specific locales.
44 schema:genre research_article
45 schema:inLanguage en
46 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
47 schema:isPartOf N168babe0335d41fea8cbf82040cb1329
48 N72510d52b8c74686a21ac7bbe97066fe
49 sg:journal.1045337
50 schema:name Molecular Epidemiology of the HIV Epidemic in Three German Metropolitan Regions – Cologne/Bonn, Munich and Hannover, 1999–2016
51 schema:pagination 6799
52 schema:productId N293ac1138e734798a9a4c77159ec54b5
53 N4c51eb6e6fa34ed8b233210e6d8bd690
54 N572e9fcd9c66468d942aacb1949bc224
55 N7087168d1051481999a132d716ded40b
56 Nf207cca38fc34de8af12b29096150ea7
57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103641024
58 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
59 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:24
60 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
61 schema:sdPublisher N0c3c688be40748b183da68ed084023cf
62 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25004-8
63 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
64 sgo:sdDataset articles
65 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
66 N0c3c688be40748b183da68ed084023cf schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
67 rdf:type schema:Organization
68 N168babe0335d41fea8cbf82040cb1329 schema:volumeNumber 8
69 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
70 N1d9a145096ec4cd2b8921f15af24e61f rdf:first sg:person.01004110612.33
71 rdf:rest Nd983ba5823dc49dc91146a9e44cce63b
72 N293ac1138e734798a9a4c77159ec54b5 schema:name nlm_unique_id
73 schema:value 101563288
74 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
75 N475fadf04c474a14ac335ce8b9d144b3 schema:name Department for Internal Medicine I, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
76 rdf:type schema:Organization
77 N4c51eb6e6fa34ed8b233210e6d8bd690 schema:name readcube_id
78 schema:value 99618ed327399d453526b07e4bf15d9a339acfcfa0de51fb086cc382ae11731f
79 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
80 N572e9fcd9c66468d942aacb1949bc224 schema:name dimensions_id
81 schema:value pub.1103641024
82 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
83 N64fab6811655467cb22824ac8b205d49 rdf:first sg:person.01233530500.07
84 rdf:rest Ncd07ed41585b4a91860deb2c060d047f
85 N7087168d1051481999a132d716ded40b schema:name pubmed_id
86 schema:value 29717148
87 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
88 N72510d52b8c74686a21ac7bbe97066fe schema:issueNumber 1
89 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
90 N7473027077e046478a72732b97178b59 rdf:first sg:person.01256006045.78
91 rdf:rest Nb35ba6e038aa443eb084491e17d3428f
92 N840fdd9e24534fa49aff5c2b3d321b13 rdf:first sg:person.01256755751.38
93 rdf:rest Nf9bc7acdb42b4feb8937b8e77b879127
94 N8a07e24c4b8f4775b25af8442926feee rdf:first sg:person.011504120515.50
95 rdf:rest N9ec0fddc1fc2412ab161f3a5d67a3b94
96 N9444abe7c25d4bbabc5b1056f94c4cf3 rdf:first sg:person.01174553111.81
97 rdf:rest N64fab6811655467cb22824ac8b205d49
98 N9ec0fddc1fc2412ab161f3a5d67a3b94 rdf:first sg:person.0603151473.55
99 rdf:rest Ndcc2da8279154a529c31323bbf9f9836
100 Na0d5fb84b8d94a9788f7c6c2811f3063 rdf:first sg:person.01111352213.28
101 rdf:rest rdf:nil
102 Nb35ba6e038aa443eb084491e17d3428f rdf:first sg:person.0763701617.53
103 rdf:rest N840fdd9e24534fa49aff5c2b3d321b13
104 Nc4367d3be82d4ca2bb622870611fee33 rdf:first sg:person.013644356557.78
105 rdf:rest N7473027077e046478a72732b97178b59
106 Ncd07ed41585b4a91860deb2c060d047f rdf:first sg:person.01225020514.99
107 rdf:rest Ne20b1ef65d3e429c8e6a17e10552fde9
108 Nd983ba5823dc49dc91146a9e44cce63b rdf:first sg:person.01346100622.96
109 rdf:rest N9444abe7c25d4bbabc5b1056f94c4cf3
110 Ndcc2da8279154a529c31323bbf9f9836 rdf:first sg:person.0642212555.68
111 rdf:rest Nc4367d3be82d4ca2bb622870611fee33
112 Ne20b1ef65d3e429c8e6a17e10552fde9 rdf:first sg:person.01042604627.76
113 rdf:rest Na0d5fb84b8d94a9788f7c6c2811f3063
114 Nf207cca38fc34de8af12b29096150ea7 schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 Nf9bc7acdb42b4feb8937b8e77b879127 rdf:first sg:person.015337466637.48
118 rdf:rest N1d9a145096ec4cd2b8921f15af24e61f
119 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
120 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
123 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 sg:grant.2438697 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
126 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
127 sg:grant.2440314 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
128 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
129 sg:grant.2621098 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
130 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
131 sg:grant.2623758 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
132 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
133 sg:grant.3534947 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
134 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
135 sg:grant.7552129 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-018-25004-8
136 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
137 sg:journal.1045337 schema:issn 2045-2322
138 schema:name Scientific Reports
139 rdf:type schema:Periodical
140 sg:person.01004110612.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a
141 schema:familyName Fätkenheuer
142 schema:givenName Gerd
143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01004110612.33
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 sg:person.01042604627.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a
146 schema:familyName Vehreschild
147 schema:givenName Joerg Janne
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042604627.76
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.01111352213.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11598.34
151 schema:familyName Hoenigl
152 schema:givenName Martin
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01111352213.28
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:person.011504120515.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a
156 schema:familyName Stecher
157 schema:givenName Melanie
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011504120515.50
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 sg:person.01174553111.81 schema:affiliation N475fadf04c474a14ac335ce8b9d144b3
161 schema:familyName Wasmuth
162 schema:givenName Jan-Christian
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01174553111.81
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 sg:person.01225020514.99 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3
166 schema:familyName Mehta
167 schema:givenName Sanjay R.
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01225020514.99
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 sg:person.01233530500.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a
171 schema:familyName Kaiser
172 schema:givenName Rolf
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01233530500.07
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:person.01256006045.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15090.3d
176 schema:familyName Eis-Hübinger
177 schema:givenName Anna-Maria
178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256006045.78
179 rdf:type schema:Person
180 sg:person.01256755751.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2
181 schema:familyName Jablonka
182 schema:givenName Alexandra
183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256755751.38
184 rdf:type schema:Person
185 sg:person.01346100622.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a
186 schema:familyName Spinner
187 schema:givenName Christoph D.
188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346100622.96
189 rdf:type schema:Person
190 sg:person.013644356557.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2
191 schema:familyName Behrens
192 schema:givenName Georg M. N.
193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013644356557.78
194 rdf:type schema:Person
195 sg:person.015337466637.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0
196 schema:familyName Bogner
197 schema:givenName Johannes
198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015337466637.48
199 rdf:type schema:Person
200 sg:person.0603151473.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3
201 schema:familyName Chaillon
202 schema:givenName Antoine
203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0603151473.55
204 rdf:type schema:Person
205 sg:person.0642212555.68 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2
206 schema:familyName Eberle
207 schema:givenName Josef
208 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642212555.68
209 rdf:type schema:Person
210 sg:person.0763701617.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e
211 schema:familyName Lehmann
212 schema:givenName Clara
213 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0763701617.53
214 rdf:type schema:Person
215 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013029226
216 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 sg:pub.10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040310210
219 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-10286-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091665626
222 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10286-1
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 sg:pub.10.1038/srep25927 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030590783
225 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep25927
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 sg:pub.10.1038/srep32947 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024091783
228 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32947
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-968 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009774337
231 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-968
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-10-36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013403200
234 https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-10-36
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-4690-6-49 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046840975
237 https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-6-49
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005045407
240 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1852-9
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075319579 schema:CreativeWork
243 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078398140 schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.07.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005633386
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.03.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039602448
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2016.05.041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012582172
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)16594-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042478681
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1071/sh06031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035705387
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2011.558645 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012171399
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2014.0173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059226847
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cis612 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022781511
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082762864
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0000000000001308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002252124
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e328333ddee schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001957978
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283388742 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017853931
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0b013e3283573244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039738659
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000000888 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749378
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1097/qai.0000000000001354 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085465938
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2010.00879.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011014665
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.00363-16 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062712481
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h5790 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049922424
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6054870 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020861448
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000581 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005613156
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677314
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098443 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012267364
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151478 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000812459
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013971244
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.2807/ese.18.11.20426-en schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078707218
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.2807/esm.11.09.00645-en schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077316409
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11598.34 schema:alternateName Medical University of Graz
297 schema:name Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
298 Division of Pulmonology and Section of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
299 rdf:type schema:Organization
300 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15090.3d schema:alternateName University Hospital Bonn
301 schema:name Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany
302 rdf:type schema:Organization
303 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3 schema:alternateName University of California, San Diego
304 schema:name Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
305 rdf:type schema:Organization
306 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411097.a schema:alternateName University Hospital Cologne
307 schema:name Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
308 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany
309 Institute of Virology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
310 rdf:type schema:Organization
311 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.452463.2 schema:alternateName German Center for Infection Research
312 schema:name Department for Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
313 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Hannover, Hannover, Germany
314 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany
315 Max von Pettenkofer Institute & Gene Center, Virology, National Reference Center for Retroviruses, Faculty of Medicine, LMU München, Munich, Germany
316 rdf:type schema:Organization
317 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0 schema:alternateName Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
318 schema:name Department for Infectious Diseases, Medical Clinic IV, Department of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany
319 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany
320 rdf:type schema:Organization
321 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e schema:alternateName University of Cologne
322 schema:name Centre for Molecular Medicine Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
323 Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
324 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner site Bonn - Cologne, Cologne, Germany
325 rdf:type schema:Organization
326 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a schema:alternateName Technical University Munich
327 schema:name Department of Medicine II, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
328 German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), partner Munich, Munich, Germany
329 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...