High hemoglobin levels are associated with decreased risk of diabetic retinopathy in Korean type 2 diabetes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Min-Kyung Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Jae-Hyuk Lee, Seo-Young Sohn, Jee-Sun Jeong, Mee-Kyoung Kim, Ki-Hyun Baek, Ki-Ho Song, Hyuk-Sang Kwon

ABSTRACT

Anemia is an independent risk factor for the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Hemoglobin levels may also be associated with DR. We investigated the association between hemoglobin levels and DR risk. This cross-sectional, population-based study utilized data from 2,123 type 2 DM patients aged ≥30 years who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2012. Participants underwent an ophthalmic examination, including fundus photographs. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between hemoglobin levels and DR risk. The mean hemoglobin levels in patients with and without DR were 13.76 ± 0.12 and 14.33 ± 0.05 g/dL, respectively, with anemia observed in 16.2 (2.4)% and 7.8 (0.8)%, respectively. A 19% decrease in DR risk was found with a 1.0-g/dL increase in hemoglobin level. DR risk exhibited a decreasing trend with increasing hemoglobin levels (P for trend <0.0001). The adjusted odds ratio of DR was significantly lower in the highest hemoglobin quartile. Our findings indicate that high hemoglobin levels are significantly related to a decreased DR risk in Korean type 2 diabetes. More... »

PAGES

5538

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101853125

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29615813


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23905-2'


 

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