Risk Factors for Avian Influenza H9 Infection of Chickens in Live Bird Retail Stalls of Lahore District, Pakistan 2009–2010 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Mamoona Chaudhry, Hamad B. Rashid, Angélique Angot, Michael Thrusfield, Barend M. deC Bronsvoort, Ilaria Capua, Giovanni Cattoli, Susan C. Welburn, Mark C. Eisler

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to identify risk factors associated with AIV infections in live bird retail stalls (LBRS) in Lahore District, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of LBRS was conducted from December 2009-February 2010 using two-stage cluster sampling based on probability proportional to size. A total of 280 oropharyngeal swab sample pools were collected from 1400 birds in 8 clusters and tested by qRT-PCR for the matrix (M) gene of type A influenza virus and HA gene subtypes H9, H5 and H7. Thirty-four (34) samples were positive for the M gene, of which 28 were also positive for H9. No sample was found positive for H5 or H7. Data for 36 potential risk factors, collected by questionnaire, were analyzed by survey-weighted logistic regression and prevalence odds ratios (OR) for associated risk factors were calculated. A final multivariable model identified three risk factors for H9 infection in LRBS, namely obtaining birds from mixed sources (OR 2.28, CI95%: 1.4-3.7), keeping birds outside cages (OR 3.10, CI95%: 1.4-7.0) and keeping chicken breeds other than broilers (OR 6.27, CI95%: 1.7-23.2). Sourcing birds from dealers/wholesalers, keeping birds inside cages and avoiding mixing different breeds in cages could reduce the risk of H9 infections in LRBS. More... »

PAGES

5634

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23895-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23895-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101862152

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29618780


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curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23895-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23895-1'


 

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